Esther Kolen

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The regulation of intracellular vesicular trafficking is mediated by specific families of proteins that are involved in vesicular budding, translocation, and fusion with target membranes. We purified a vesicle-associated protein from hepatic microsomes using sequential column chromatography and partially sequenced it. Oliogonucleotides based on these(More)
Synapsin I is abundant in neural tissues. Its phosphorylation is thought to regulate synaptic vesicle exocytosis in the pre-synaptic terminal by mediating vesicle tethering to the cytoskeleton. Using anti-synapsin antibodies, we detected an 85 kDa protein in liver cells and identified it as synapsin I. Like brain synapsin I, non-neuronal synapsin I is(More)
The antibiotic protein colicin E1 forms ion channels in planar lipid bilayers that are capable of conducting monovalent organic cations having mean diameters of at least 9 Å. Polyvalent organic cations appear to be completely impermeant, regardless of size. All permeant ions, whether large or small, positively or negatively charged, are conducted by this(More)
Channels formed by colicin E1 in planar lipid bilayers have large diameters and conduct both cations and anions. The rates at which ions are transported, however, are relatively slow, and the relative anion-to-cation selectivity is modulated over a wide range by the pH of the bathing solutions. We have examined the permeability of these channels to cationic(More)
Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging performed upon a male fetus at 32 and 36 weeks gestation, respectively, revealed a large suprasellar mass. A male newborn, delivered at 37 weeks, required ventilatory assistance at birth and subsequently developed myoclonic seizures, hypertension, and bradycardia. The intracranial mass was felt to be inoperable(More)
The language development of two deaf girls and four deaf boys in Sign Language of the Netherlands (SLN) and spoken Dutch was investigated longitudinally. At the start, the mean age of the children was 3;5. All data were collected in video-recorded semistructured conversations between individual children and deaf and hearing adults. We investigated the(More)
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