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Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a neurotrophic factor with important effects in survival and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons that has been suggested to play important roles in drug of abuse-induced neurotoxicity. To test this hypothesis, we have studied the effects of amphetamine (10 mg/kg, four times, every 2 h) on the nigrostriatal pathway of PTN(More)
Midkine is a heparin binding growth factor with important functions in neuronal development and survival, but little is known about its function in the retina. Previous studies show that in the developing zebrafish, Midkine-a (Mdka) regulates cell cycle kinetics in retinal progenitors, and following injury to the adult zebrafish retina, mdka is strongly(More)
Midkine (MK), a neurotrophic factor with important roles in survival and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons, is upregulated in different brain areas after administration of different drugs of abuse suggesting MK could modulate drugs of abuse-induced pharmacological or neuroadaptative effects. To test this hypothesis, we have studied the effects of(More)
Pleiotrophin (PTN), a neurotrophic factor with important roles in survival and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons, is up-regulated in the nucleus accumbens after amphetamine administration suggesting that PTN could modulate amphetamine-induced pharmacological or neuroadaptative effects. To test this hypothesis, we have studied the effects of(More)
Fischer 344 (F344) and Lewis rat strains have been shown to exhibit different vulnerability to development or maintenance of opioid seeking behaviours probably due to differences in the endogenous opioid system. Since opioid and alpha(2)-adrenergic mechanisms closely interact in nociception and substance abuse, strain differences may be expected to affect(More)
Genetic deletion of pleiotrophin (PTN) impairs spinal nociceptive transmission suggesting that this heparin binding growth factor could play roles in acute pain processing. Despite the high functional redundancy between PTN and midkine (MK), the only other member of this family of growth factors, we now demonstrate that genetic inactivation of MK does not(More)
Parkinson´s disease (PD) is generally a sporadic disease, and only a small proportion of cases have a clear genetic component. During the last few years, a possible specific cause triggering death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, drug of abuse-induced neurotoxicity, is being considered as a potential mechanism to develop PD, especially in(More)
Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a growth factor that has been shown to be involved in hippocampal synaptic plasticity and learning. To further understand the involvement of PTN in memory processes, we performed in vitro electrophysiological studies in PTN-stimulated CA1 from rat hippocampal slices combined with the behavioural testing of PTN deficient (PTN - / - )(More)
Genetic deletion of the heparin-binding cytokines pleiotrophin (PTN) or midkine (MK) potentiates morphine-induced antinociceptive effects in animal models. Despite the known interactions between the opioid and noradrenergic systems in the control of pain, the possible roles of PTN and/or MK in analgesia induced by agonists of α2-adrenergic receptors(More)
Amphetamine treatment during adolescence causes long-term cognitive deficits in rats. Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a cytokine with important roles in the modulation of synaptic plasticity, whose levels of expression are significantly regulated by amphetamine administration. To test the possibility that the long-term consequences of periadolescent amphetamine(More)