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PURPOSE In a spontaneous mutant substrain of C57BL/10 mice, severely affected retinal ribbon-type synapses have been described. The retinopathy was accompanied by a substantial loss in the activities of the second-order neurons. Rod photoreceptor responses were maintained with reduced amplitude, whereas cone activities were absent. This study was conducted(More)
PURPOSE To establish mouse models for RPGR-associated diseases by generating and characterizing an Rpgr mutation (in-frame deletion of exon 4) in two different genetic backgrounds (BL/6 and BALB/c). METHODS Gene targeting in embryonic stem (ES) cells was performed to introduce a in-frame deletion of exon 4 in the Rpgr gene (Rpgr(DeltaEx4)). Subsequently,(More)
BACKGROUND IL-18 is a pleiotrophic cytokine involved in both, T-helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 differentiation. Recently genetic variants in the IL-18 gene have been associated with increased risk of atopy and asthma. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship of a genetic, haplotype-tagging promotor variant -137G/C in the IL-18 gene with atopic asthma in a(More)
Parents feeding altricial nestlings have to trade-off the competing demands of self-maintenance and reproductive investment over their lifetime. Corticosterone, a glucocorticoid hormone released by birds in response to stressors, might play a key role in regulating parental investment when conditions unexpectedly deteriorate. However, birds breeding in(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) constitutes a major cause of blindness and the Retinitis Pigmentosa GTPase Regulator (RPGR) gene accounts for up to 80% of all X-linked RP cases. A novel isoform of RPGR, expressed in the human retina, was identified and characterized. It truncates the Regulator of Chromosome Condensation 1 (RCC1) homologous protein domain (RCC1h)(More)
X-linked Norrie disease, familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR), Coat's disease and retinopathy of prematurity are severe human eye diseases and can all be caused by mutations in the Norrie disease pseudoglioma gene. They all show vascular defects and characteristic features of retinal hypoxia. Only Norrie disease displays additional neurological(More)
PURPOSE The majority of patients with X chromosome-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XlRP) carry mutations in the RPGR gene. The authors studied whether patients with RPGR mutations show additional splice defects that may interfere with RPGR properties. METHODS Patient-derived cell lines with RPGR mutations were raised in suspension. To verify mutations,(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to identify mutations in X-chromosomal genes associated with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in patients from Germany, The Netherlands, Denmark, and Switzerland. METHODS In addition to all coding exons of RP2, exons 1 through 15, 9a, ORF15, 15a and 15b of RPGR were screened for mutations. PCR products were amplified from(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a disease that primarily affects the peripheral retina and ultimately causes visual impairment. X-chromosomal forms of RP are frequently caused by mutations in the retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator (RPGR) gene. We show that the novel splice donor site (SDS) mutation c.1245+3A>T in intron 10 of RPGR cosegregates with RP in a(More)
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a multisystem disorder caused by ciliary defects. To date, mutations in 15 genes have been associated with the disease and BBS1 is most frequently affected in patients with BBS. The use of homozygosity mapping in a large consanguineous family allowed us to identify the splice donor site (SD) mutation c.479G>A in exon 5 of(More)