Esther Fujiwara

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Pathological gambling (PG) is most likely associated with functional brain changes as well as neuropsychological and personality alterations. Recent research with the Iowa Gambling Task suggests decision-making impairments in PG. These deficits are usually attributed to disturbances in feedback processing and associated functional alterations of the(More)
Decision-making deficits reflected by risky decisions in gambling tasks have been associated with frontal lobe dysfunctions in various neurologic and psychiatric populations. The question remains whether decision-making impairments are related to executive functions. The authors developed a new gambling task, the Game of Dice Task, with explicit and stable(More)
0749-596X/$ see front matter 2012 Elsevier Inc http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2012.04.001 ⇑ Corresponding author. Address: Department of P Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 2E9. Fax: +1 780 492 0023. E-mail address: cmadan@ualberta.ca (C.R. Madan Emotionally arousing information is remembered better than neutral information. This(More)
Alcoholic Korsakoff patients have their most marked deficits in memory, but may exhibit problems in further cognitive and behavioral domains, particularly in so-called frontal lobe functions and on the emotional level. Cognitive estimation is among the frontal lobe-associated functions; nevertheless, the underlying processes of estimation and estimation(More)
Cognitive estimation is an important function in daily living. In early studies it was proposed that estimation deficits are associated with frontal lobe damage and executive dysfunctions. In this study, we assessed Alzheimer patients and patients with alcoholic Korsakoff's syndrome with a newly developed cognitive estimation task. We compared their(More)
Functional retrograde amnesia (RA) is a rare pathology and has been rarely studied in detail across different patients. We extensively examined five functional RA patients and compared their neuropsychological profile including anterograde and retrograde memory performance, executive functions, emotional processing, and formally assessed psychiatric(More)
Ventral frontal cortex is commonly involved in traumatic brain injury (TBI). The smell identification test (SIT), object alternation (OA), and the Iowa gambling task (IGT) are associated with this brain region in experimental and neuropsychological research. We examined the relationship of performance on these tests to residual structural brain integrity(More)
Quantitative neuroimaging is increasingly used to study the effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on brain structure and function. This paper reviews quantitative structural and functional neuroimaging studies of patients with TBI, with an emphasis on the effects of diffuse axonal injury (DAI), the primary neuropathology in TBI. Quantitative structural(More)
Activity of the hypothalamus pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis is characterized by a pronounced circadian rhythm. An acute increase in cortisol levels occurs after awakening in the morning with continuously declining levels over the course of the remaining day. The morning cortisol increase probably reflects an activational response of the HPA axis aimed at(More)
The involvement of the hippocampus (HC) in episodic memory is well accepted; however it is unclear how each subfield within the HC contributes to memory function. Recent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies suggest differential involvement of hippocampal subfields and subregions in episodic memory. However, most structural MRI studies have examined the(More)