Esther Bachar-Lustig

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Adult neovascularization relies on the recruitment of circulating cells, but their angiogenic roles and recruitment mechanisms are unclear. We show that the endothelial growth factor VEGF is sufficient for organ homing of circulating mononuclear myeloid cells and is required for their perivascular positioning and retention. Recruited bone marrow-derived(More)
Although mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) exhibit marked immunoregulatory activity through multiple mechanisms, their potential to completely evade rejection upon transplantation into allogeneic recipients is controversial. To directly address this controversy, the survival of luciferase-labeled MSCs (Luc(+) MSCs) was evaluated by imaging in allogeneic(More)
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is uniformly lethal in recipients of HLA-mismatched marrow. In patients with severe combined immunodeficiency disease, this major obstacle can be overcome by rigorous T-cell depletion before transplantation. In leukaemia patients, however, the benefit of preventing GVHD is offset by graft rejection or graft failure. Very(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent reports have shown that donor or host CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg cells can be used to control GVHD or graft rejection following allogeneic BMT in mice. In the present study we investigated the potential of third-party Treg cells compared to donor-type cells to facilitate BM allografting. METHODS Graft rejection is assessed in a mouse model of T(More)
Xenotransplantation of pig tissues has great potential to overcome the shortage of organ donors. One approach to address the vigorous immune rejection associated with xenotransplants is the use of embryonic precursor tissue, which induces and utilizes host vasculature upon its growth and development. Recently, we showed in mice that embryonic pig pancreatic(More)
Several bone marrow cells and lymphocyte subpopulations, known as "veto cells," were shown to induce transplantation tolerance across major histocompatibility antigens. Some of the most potent veto cells are of T-cell origin, and in particular a very strong veto activity was documented for cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) lines or clones. However, these cells(More)
Throughout the 1980s, transplantation of unmodified (T cell-replete) bone marrow from full haplotype incompatible family donors was associated with an unsuccessful outcome because of graft failure and severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), at times affecting up to 90% of recipients. Although extensive T cell depletion of donor bone marrow was successful(More)
BACKGROUND Xenogeneic embryonic pancreatic tissue can provide an attractive alternative for organ replacement therapy. However, immunological rejection represents a major obstacle. This study examines the potential of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the prevention of E42 pancreas rejection. METHODS To develop new approaches to combat rejection, we evaluated(More)
Induction of transplantation tolerance by means of bone marrow (BM) transplantation could become a reality if it was possible to achieve engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells under nonlethal preparatory cytoreduction of the recipient. To that end, BM facilitating cells, veto cells, or other tolerance-inducing cells, have been extensively studied. In the(More)
Several bone marrow cells and lymphocyte subpopulations, known as "veto cells," were shown to induce transplantation tolerance across major histocompatibility antigens. Recently, it has been suggested that anti-third party CTLs depleted of alloreactivity are endowed with marked veto activity and therefore might potentially facilitate bone marrow(More)