Esther A L M Molenaar

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BACKGROUND Information on the prevalence of diseases is commonly gathered by questionnaires. Although the method is relatively inexpensive and efficient as opposed to physical examinations, the validity of the information collected is often questioned. The objective of this study was to assess the value of biometrical data complementary to self-reported(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of nutritional counselling with nutritional plus exercise counselling on body weight and waist circumference in overweight adults in a multidisciplinary primary care setting. METHODS One hundred and thirty-four overweight adults (body mass index 28-35) were randomly assigned to individual counselling sessions by a(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between lifestyle factors and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in a community-based setting. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Cross-sectional associations between lifestyle factors (dietary quality, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We sought to determine rates of treatment and control of CVD risk factors among normal weight, overweight, and obese individuals in a community-based cohort. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Participants free of CVD (n = 6,801; mean age 49 years; 54% women) from the(More)
Several treatments were tested to extract the sexual binding site from membrane vesicles derived from the flagellar surface of Chlamydomonas eugametos. Extraction with detergents, chaotropic and hydrogen bond-disrupting agents, as well as sonication, was effective in reducing the isoagglutination activity of these membrane vesicles. Complementary with this(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple tasking is an integral part of daily mobility. Patients with Parkinson's disease have dual tasking difficulties due to their combined motor and cognitive deficits. Two contrasting physiotherapy interventions have been proposed to alleviate dual tasking difficulties: either to discourage simultaneous execution of dual tasks (consecutive(More)
RESULTS — Diets consistent with the 2005 Dietary Guidelines Adherence Index and greater physical activity were inversely associated with SAT and VAT (P 0.0001–0.002). In men, former smoking was associated with higher SAT (2,743 56 cm) compared with current smokers (2,629 88 cm) or those who never smoked (2,538 44 cm; P 0.02). Both former and current smoking(More)
Adverse reactions following BCG vaccination are uncommon, with an estimated prevalance of 0.4 per 1000 vaccines [Lotte A, Wasz-Hockert O, Poisson N, et al. Second IUATLD study on complications induced by intradermal BCG vaccination. Bull Int Union Tuber 1988;63:47-59]. Complications include erythema, blistering, abscess formation, regional lymphadenitis and(More)
Dual-task (DT) circumstances aggravate gait disorders in Parkinson's disease (PD) and are associated with an increased risk of falling and reduced functional mobility. Clinical rehabilitation guidelines for PD consider DT interventions as potentially hazardous and recommend avoiding them in daily life. The current article challenges this notion and(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired dual-task performance significantly impacts upon functional mobility in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to identify determinants of dual-task performance in people with PD in three different dual tasks to assess their possible task-dependency. METHODS We recruited 121 home-dwelling patients with PD (mean(More)