Esteve Saltó

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BACKGROUND The pattern of smoking initiation is of importance in understanding the prevalence of smoking and future trends in tobacco-related diseases. OBJECTIVE To analyse trends of cigarette smoking initiation rates by sex and educational level in Spain. METHODS Pooled data from the 1993, 1995 and 1997 Spanish National Health Interview Surveys were(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES To describe secondhand smoke (SHS) levels in halls and main entrances (outdoors) in different buildings by measurement of PM(2.5) and airborne nicotine. METHODS Cross-sectional study in a sample of 47 public buildings. The authors studied SHS levels derived from PM(2.5) (micrograms per cubic metre) using TSI SidePak Personal Aerosol(More)
BACKGROUND There is scarce evidence about passive exposure to the vapour released or exhaled from electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) under real conditions. The aim of this study is to characterise passive exposure to nicotine from e-cigarettes' vapour and conventional cigarettes' smoke at home among non-smokers under real-use conditions. METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE It is important to perform a routine screening of nicotine dependence in psychiatric patients. The Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) is a widely used six-item questionnaire. The Heavy Smoking Index (HSI) is a briefer measure including only two FTND items (time to first cigarette of day and number of daily cigarettes). In a prior study(More)
BACKGROUND A smoke-free law came into effect in Spain on 1st January 2006, affecting all enclosed workplaces except hospitality venues, whose proprietors can choose among totally a smoke-free policy, a partial restriction with designated smoking areas, or no restriction on smoking on the premises. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the law among hospitality(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess changes in secondhand smoke exposure by means of airborne nicotine concentrations in public hospitals of Catalonia (Spain) before and after a comprehensive national smoking ban. METHODS We monitored vapor-phase nicotine concentrations in 44 public hospitals in Catalonia (Spain) before the smoking ban (September-December 2005) and one(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of self-reported exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in different settings and to describe salivary cotinine concentration and its determinants among non-smokers. METHODS Cross-sectional study of a representative sample (N=775) of adult non-smokers in Barcelona, Spain (years 2004-2005). We assessed exposure to SHS(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse information on adolescent use of tobacco in Spain from different school surveys. DESIGN Data on daily smoking prevalence by sex at the end of compulsory education is extracted and figures are compared, analysing trends. SETTING The five representative studies on adolescents in Spain are reviewed: The National Survey on Drug Use in(More)
BACKGROUND Over the last few years a decreasing trend in smoking has occurred not only in the general population but also during pregnancy. Several countries have implemented laws requiring all enclosed workplace and public places to be free of second hand smoke (SHS). In Spain, legislation to reduce SHS was implemented in 2005. The present study examines(More)
OBJECTIVE This study seeks to analyse the prevalence and correlates of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, purchase location and satisfaction with its use in a sample of the general population of the city of Barcelona, Spain. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS We used participants from a longitudinal study of a representative sample of the adult (≥16(More)