Ester B. M. Remmerswaal

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Cytotoxic CD4(+)CD28(-) T cells form a rare subset in human peripheral blood. The presence of CD4(+)CD28(-) cells has been associated with chronic viral infections, but how these particular cells are generated is unknown. In this study, we show that in primary CMV infections, CD4(+)CD28(-) T cells emerge just after cessation of the viral load, indicating(More)
The correlates of protective immunity to disease-inducing viruses in humans remain to be elucidated. We determined the kinetics and characteristics of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in the course of primary CMV infection in asymptomatic and symptomatic recipients of renal transplants. Specific CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)(More)
CD8+ T cells play a critical role in the immune response to viral pathogens. Persistent human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection results in a strong increase in the number of virus-specific, quiescent effector-type CD8+ T cells with constitutive cytolytic activity, but the molecular pathways involved in the induction and maintenance of these cells are(More)
Based on the expression of the TNFR SFP CD27, two Ag-primed CD8(+) T cell subsets can be discerned in the circulation of healthy individuals: CD27(+) T cells that produce a variety of cytokines but do not display immediate cytolytic activity; and cytotoxic CD27(-) T cells, which secrete only IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha. The mechanism that controls the(More)
To enhance the poor antigen-presenting capacity of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL), CD40 triggering has been considered as an active immunotherapy. However, CD40 stimulation also has an anti-apoptotic effect and may further impair the dysregulated response of B-CLL to apoptotic stimuli. Therefore, we measured the expression of virtually all(More)
Two prototypic types of virus-specific CD8(+) T cells can be found in latently infected individuals: CD45R0(+)CD27(+)CCR7(-) effector-memory, and CD45RA(+)CD27(-)CCR7(-) effector-type cells. It has recently been implied that CD45RA(+)CD27(-)CCR7(-) T cells are terminally differentiated effector cells and as such have lost all proliferative capacity. We show(More)
In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), CD8(+) T cells exhibit features of exhaustion and impaired functionality. Yet, reactivations of latent viruses such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) are uncommon in untreated CLL, suggesting that antiviral responses are uncompromised. We analyzed phenotypical and functional characteristics of CMV-specific CD8(+) T cells in CLL(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells multiply in secondary lymphoid tissue, but the mechanisms leading to their proliferation are still uncertain. In addition to B-cell receptor (BCR)-triggered signals, other microenvironmental factors might well be involved. In proliferation centers, leukemic B cells are in close contact with CD4(+)CD40L(+) T cells.(More)
Immune surveillance of the central nervous system (CNS) by T cells is important to keep CNS-trophic viruses in a latent state, yet our knowledge of the characteristics of CNS-populating T cells is incomplete. We performed a comprehensive, multi-color flow-cytometric analysis of isolated T cells from paired corpus callosum (CC) and peripheral blood (PB)(More)
Recently, it has been described that patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have increased numbers of regulatory T (T(reg)) cells. In the present study, we analysed the mechanism behind T(reg) cells expansion in CLL. Neither analysis of the T-cell receptor repertoire nor CD45 isoform expression of T(reg) cells from patients with CLL provided(More)