Ester Aparicio

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In this study, we analyzed the human immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) viruses circulating between 1999 and 2004 in antiretroviral-naive women from a rural area of southern Mozambique. Nucleotide sequencing of the HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) U3, envelope (env) C2V3C3, and protease (pr) genomic regions was performed from women sera samples collected in(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies report that the SNP rs8099917, located 8.9 kb upstream of the start codon of IL28B, is associated with both disease chronicity and therapeutic response to pegIFN-α and RBV in patients infected with genotype 1 HCV. To determine the effect of rs8099917 variation on the response of HCV to therapy, we genotyped this(More)
Previous works have documented the contribution of different IL28B-associated SNPs to spontaneous HCV clearance. This study investigated the effect of different interleukin (IL) 28B genetic variants on interferon (IFN)-based therapy response. We genotyped eight IL28B single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a cohort of 197 hepatitis C virus (HCV)/human(More)
A new transiently induced region (interferon-λ 4 protein; IFNL4) harbouring a dinucleotide variant ss469415590 (TT or ΔG), upstream of IFNL3 (IL28B), was recently found to be associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance. To determine the effect of IFLN4 ss469415590 variation on the HCV response to IFN-based therapy in HCV/HIV-1 coinfected patients,(More)
The role of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease in ablating the signaling pathway involved in the production of alpha/beta interferon (IFN-α/β) suggests a relationship between NS3/4A proteolytic activity and a patient's response to IFN-based therapy. To identify viral factors associated with the HCV treatment response, we analyzed the pretreatment(More)
UNLABELLED The HCV nonstructural protein (NS)3/4A serine protease is not only involved in viral polyprotein processing but also efficiently blocks the retinoic-acid-inducible gen I and Toll-like receptor 3 signaling pathways and contributes to virus persistence by enabling HCV to escape the interferon antiviral response. Therefore, the NS3/4A protease has(More)
Minority drug-resistant hepatitis C virus (HCV) variants may go undetected yet be clinically important. NS3/4A protease resistance substitutions V36A and A156S/T/V were selected in patients treated with protease inhibitors. The aim of this study was to investigate whether these substitutions pre-existed in HCV infected patients. An allele-specific PCR(More)
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