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Light satellite DNA components present in species belonging to the genus Mus and to related murids were studied using the Southern blot technique. The results show species variations in both the amount and periodic structure of the repeating units, which suggests that families of related higher-order repeats developed in a common ancestor and were then(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules expressed at the cell surface are associated with a large number of different peptides so that the density of a given MHC-peptide complex is relatively low. Here we describe the properties of MHC class I molecules genetically attached to a single antigenic peptide. Cells expressing these fusion(More)
We have previously described the production and purification of a murine single-chain, soluble recombinant major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecule (SC-Kd). A similar strategy was devised to produce a recombinant HLA-A2.1 (SC-A2) molecule. The latter was composed of the first three domains of the HLA-A2.1 heavy chain connected to human beta(More)
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major public health problem, with nearly 170 million infected individuals worldwide. Current treatment for chronic infection is a combination of pegylated IFN-α2 and ribavirin (RBV); however, this treatment is effective in fewer than 50% of patients infected with HCV genotype 1 or 4. Recent studies(More)
Single-chain mouse Kd molecules (SC-Kd) were engineered by connecting residue 276 of Kd heavy chain to the first residue of beta 2-microglobulin through spacers of various lengths, and expressed intracellularly in monkey COS-1 cells. Labeled SC-Kd molecules were found to react with several monoclonal antibodies which recognize native Kd molecules. SC-Kd-15(More)
A clone of 7.1kb corresponding to the mouse L1 interspersed repeat family was selected for homology to a human interspersed repeat. This clone fairly represents mouse genomic members. Mapping of the clone revealed one common element at both the 5' and 3' ends in a head to tail arrangement, suggesting that at least some long L1 family members are tandemly(More)
Recent advances in the identification of susceptibility genes and environmental exposures (pandemic influenza 2009 vaccination) provide strong support that narcolepsy type 1 is an immune-mediated disease. Considering the limited knowledge regarding the immune mechanisms involved in narcolepsy whether related to flu vaccination or not and the recent(More)
A way to study the role of intracellular trafficking of an antigen in its presentation to T cells is to target the antigen to various cell compartments of the antigen-presenting cells (APC) and compare the nature of the complexes associating major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules and antigenic peptides, expressed on the cell surface. MHC class I+(More)
Soluble, single-chain molecules for two MHC class I alleles, H-2Kd and H-2Kb, were used to analyze the kinetics of antigenic peptide binding to MHC. After MHC preloading with radiolabeled or fluorescent peptides, the observed rate of MHC-peptide complex dissociation increased after addition of an excess of unlabeled competitor peptide. Although exogenous(More)
A recombinant baculovirus encoding a single-chain murine major histocompatibility complex class I molecule in which the first three domains of H-2Kd are fused to beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-m) via a 15-amino acid linker has been isolated and used to infect lepidopteran cells. A soluble, 391-amino acid single-chain H-2Kd (SC-Kd) molecule of 48 kDa was(More)