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RATIONALE Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare, usually autosomal recessive, genetic disorder characterized by ciliary dysfunction, sino-pulmonary disease, and situs inversus. Disease-causing mutations have been reported in DNAI1 and DNAH5 encoding outer dynein arm (ODA) proteins of cilia. OBJECTIVES We analyzed DNAI1 to identify disease-causing(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive aspergillosis, which is mainly caused by the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus, is an increasing problem in immunocompromised patients. Infection occurs by inhalation of airborne conidia, which are first encountered by airway epithelial cells. Internalization of these conidia into the epithelial cells could serve as a portal of entry for this(More)
Meckel-Gruber syndrome (MKS) is a lethal fetal disorder characterized by diffuse renal cystic dysplasia, polydactyly, a brain malformation that is usually occipital encephalocele, and/or vermian agenesis, with intrahepatic biliary duct proliferation. Joubert syndrome (JBS) is a viable neurological disorder with a characteristic "molar tooth sign" (MTS) on(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is an inherited disorder characterized by recurrent infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract, reduced fertility in males and situs inversus in about 50% of affected individuals (Kartagener syndrome). It is caused by motility defects in the respiratory cilia that are responsible for airway clearance, the flagella(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a group of autosomal-recessive disorders resulting from cilia and sperm-flagella defects, which lead to respiratory infections and male infertility. Most implicated genes encode structural proteins that participate in the composition of axonemal components, such as dynein arms (DAs), that are essential for ciliary and(More)
Cilia are evolutionarily conserved structures that play key roles in diverse cell types. Motile cilia are involved in the most prominent ciliopathy called primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) that combines respiratory symptoms, male infertility, and, in nearly 50% cases, situs inversus. The diagnosis of PCD relies on the identification of ciliary abnormalities(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze otologic features in patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) aged 0 to 18 years and to evaluate the correlation between ultrastructural defects and severity of otologic features. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Pediatric referral center. PATIENTS Fifty-eight patients with PCD were evaluated in the following 4 age(More)
Thioredoxins belong to a large family of enzymatic proteins that function as general protein disulfide reductases, therefore participating in several cellular processes via redox-mediated reactions. So far, none of the 18 members of this family has been involved in human pathology. Here we identified TXNDC3, which encodes a thioredoxin-nucleoside(More)
Nasal polyposis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the upper airways. It has been suggested that ion transports and CFTR expression could be modified in epithelial cells from nasal polyps of non-cystic fibrosis patients. We compared human nasal epithelial cells from nasal polyps (NP) with control nasal mucosa (CM). The level of CFTR mRNA was studied by(More)
Cilia and flagella are evolutionarily conserved structures that play various physiological roles in diverse cell types. Defects in motile cilia result in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), the most prominent ciliopathy, characterized by the association of respiratory symptoms, male infertility, and, in nearly 50% of cases, situs inversus. So far, most(More)