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RATIONALE Cleaning work and professional use of certain cleaning products have been associated with asthma, but respiratory effects of nonprofessional home cleaning have rarely been studied. OBJECTIVES To investigate the risk of new-onset asthma in relation to the use of common household cleaners. METHODS Within the follow-up of the European Community(More)
BACKGROUND The role of exposure to substances in the workplace in new-onset asthma is not well characterised in population-based studies. We therefore aimed to estimate the relative and attributable risks of new-onset asthma in relation to occupations, work-related exposures, and inhalation accidents. METHODS We studied prospectively 6837 participants(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors examined the relations between self-reported work tasks, use of cleaning products and latex glove use with new-onset asthma among nurses and other healthcare workers in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS II). METHODS In a random population sample of adults from 22 European sites, 332 participants reported working(More)
OBJECTIVE Musculoskeletal pain is associated with occupational physical activities and psychosocial risk factors. We evaluated the relative importance of work-related and psychological determinants of the number of -anatomical sites affected by musculoskeletal pain in a cross-sectional survey. METHODS The survey focused on musculoskeletal pain in six body(More)
Local inflammation in airway diseases is well recognised, but less is known about the association between low-grade systemic inflammatory processes and lung function. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between inflammatory markers and lung function, taking into account polymorphisms in genes coding for inflammatory markers. In 134(More)
The authors determined the association between metabolic syndrome in early pregnancy (mean, 11.96 weeks) and the risk of preterm birth in the mother-child cohort study ("Rhea" Study) in Crete, Greece, 2007-2009. Maternal fasting serum samples were collected, and blood pressure was measured at the time of the first major ultrasound examination (n = 625).(More)
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a significant threat to the fetus. We examined the association between active maternal smoking and smoking cessation during early pregnancy with newborn somatometrics and adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm delivery, low birth weight, and fetal growth restriction. One thousand four hundred mother–child pairs(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies in European homes have described allergen levels from the house dust mite species Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and to a lesser extent Dermatophagoides farinae, but geographic comparisons of exposure levels and risk factors have been hampered by a lack of standardized methods. OBJECTIVE To study the distribution and(More)
RATIONALE hormonal and metabolic status appears to influence lung health in women, and there are findings suggesting that early menarche may be related to asthma, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and breast cancer. OBJECTIVES this study investigates whether age at menarche is related to adult lung function and asthma. METHODS among participants in the(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma and allergy might influence the choice of keeping pets, leading to apparent protective effects of pets on allergic disease. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effects of asthma and allergy on subsequent pet keeping in childhood and adulthood. METHODS Information about asthma and pet keeping at ages 0 to 4, 5 to 15, 20 to 44, and 26 to 56(More)