Esteban J Muñoz

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1. The reaction time to a visual stimulus shortens significantly when an unexpected acoustic startle is delivered together with the 'go' signal in healthy human subjects. In this paper we have investigated the physiological mechanisms underlying this effect. If the commands for the startle and the voluntary reaction were superimposed at some level in the(More)
BACKGROUND Several pathogenic mutations in the LRRK2 gene have been implicated in familial and sporadic cases of Parkinson disease (PD). The R1441G mutation is frequent in Spanish patients of Basque ethnicity with PD, and the G2019S mutation is a common mutation found in several populations worldwide. OBJECTIVES To determine the frequency of the LRRK2(More)
We studied the effects of collision between a voluntary command and the startle response by interrupting a simple visual reaction time task with an acoustic startle. We observed two main effects. First, the reaction time was markedly shortened when the startle was delivered at intervals of 0-75 ms after the 'go' signal. Second, the startle response elicited(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD)-pathology may play a role in Parkinson's disease (PD)-related dementia (PDD). The aim of this study was to assess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of tau, phospho-tau, and beta-amyloid, proposed AD biomarkers, and their relationship with cognitive function in PD. Forty PD patients [20 nondemented (PDND); 20 PDD] and 30 controls(More)
PURPOSE To investigate grey matter volumes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in preclinical Huntington's disease (HD), and their relationship to neuropsychology and CAG number. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty preclinical HD carriers and 21 healthy controls matched for age, sex, and educational level were included in this study. Clinical (UHDRS), and(More)
OBJECTIVE The national registry of spondyloarthropathies (REGISPONSER) is launched to classify patients with this group of diseases treated in Spanish rheumatology clinics. This manuscript describes the methodological and organizational background as well as characteristics of patients finally included, and provides a comparative analysis between(More)
The CD11a/CD18 leukocyte integrin (LFA-1; also known as alphaL/beta2) mediates leukocyte transendothelial migration during immune and inflammatory responses and participates in lymphoma metastasis. CD11a/CD18 leukocyte-restricted expression is controlled by the CD11a gene promoter, which confers tissue-specific expression to reporter genes in vitro and in(More)
The first product of ascorbate oxidation, the ascorbate free radical (AFR), acts in biological systems mainly as an oxidant, and through its role in the plasma membrane redox system exerts different effects on the cell. We have investigated the role of ascorbate, AFR and dehydroascorbate (DHA) in the activation of the NF-kappaB transcription factor in(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the clinical and video-polysomnographic (VPSG) characteristics of idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) vs the RBD seen in multiple system atrophy (MSA) and Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS Clinical features and VPSG measures were evaluated in 110 consecutive nondemented subjects (26 MSA, 45 PD, and 39 idiopathic RBD) free of(More)
BACKGROUND The neuropathology associated with LRRK2 mutations is heterogeneous but Lewy body (LB) type pathology is the most common substrate encountered. While the prevalence of LRRK2 mutations has been extensively studied in Parkinson's disease (PD), limited information is available on the frequency of LRRK2 mutations in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)(More)