Estíbaliz Olano-Martín

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Anaerobic batch culture fermenters were used for a preliminary screening of the in vitro utilization by human gut microflora of dextran and novel oligodextrans (I, II and III) produced in the University of Reading (UK). Glucose and fructooligosaccharides (FOS) were used as reference carbohydrates. As expected, FOS acted as a good prebiotic in that it(More)
Cardiovascular risk is determined by the complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors. The apoE genotype represents the most-widely-studied single nucleotide polymorphism in relation to CVD risk, with >3600 publications cited in PubMed. Although originally described as a mediator of lipoprotein metabolism, the lipoprotein-independent(More)
AIMS To compare the in vitro fermentation properties of pectins and oligosaccharides derived from them in pure and mixed faecal cultures. METHODS AND RESULTS Specific growth rates of selected bacterial genera were calculated in pure culture. Bifidobacterium angulatum, B. infantis and B. adolescentis had higher growth rates on pectic oligosaccharides (POS(More)
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), characterized by isolated elevation of plasmatic low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and premature coronary heart disease (CHD), is associated with mutations in three major genes: LDL receptor (LDLR), apolipoprotein B (APOB) and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9). We have analyzed 5430 Spanish index(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary fibres have been associated with decreased risk of various cancers, although the mechanisms are unclear. Induction of apoptosis in tumour cells is thought to be an important protective mechanism against colorectal cancer. This work investigates the effects of pectins and pectic-oligosaccharides (POS) on the human colonic adenocarcinoma(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the impact of apolipoprotein E (apoE) genotype on the response of the plasma lipoprotein profile to eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) versus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intervention in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS 38 healthy normolipidaemic males, prospectively recruited on the basis of apoE genotype (n=20 E3/E3 and n=18 E3/E4),(More)
Lycopene has repeatedly been shown to inhibit the growth of human prostate cells in vitro. However, previous studies with lycopene have focused on cancer specimens, and it is still unclear whether this carotenoid affects the growth of normal human prostate cells as well. Therefore, we investigated the effects of lycopene on normal human prostate epithelial(More)
Acute inflammation can elicit a defense reaction known as the acute-phase response (APR) that is crucial for reestablishing homeostasis in the host. The role for prolactin (PRL) as an immunomodulatory factor maintaining homeostasis under conditions of stress has been proposed; however, its function during the APR remains unclear. Previously, it was shown(More)
OBJECTIVE The influences of genetic determinants on the magnitude of postprandial lipaemia are presently unclear. Here the impact of the common apolipoprotein (apo)E epsilon mutation on the postprandial triglyceride (TG) response is determined, along with an assessment of genotype penetrance according to age, body mass index and gender. METHODS AND(More)
The decoding of the human genome has completely changed our views on medicine. Beyond sequencing, tools of the postgenomic era may lead to a better understanding of various therapies, especially those with a complex effect on numerous cellular components and functions. The development of high-density oligonucleotide microarrays led to pioneer studies on the(More)