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Polyploidy often confers emergent properties, such as the higher fibre productivity and quality of tetraploid cottons than diploid cottons bred for the same environments. Here we show that an abrupt five- to sixfold ploidy increase approximately 60 million years (Myr) ago, and allopolyploidy reuniting divergent Gossypium genomes approximately 1-2 Myr ago,(More)
Twelve selected phenol-degrading bacterial isolates were obtained on phenol agar plates using culture enrichment technique. Molecular identification of the isolates was performed using eubacterial 16S rRNA PCR specific primers. Based on 16S rDNA sequence analysis, the results revealed that the majority of the isolates (8 out of 12) are affiliated to the(More)
Pediatric cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is associated with a high prevalence of co-morbid migraine and other functional disorders, and with two adult migraine-associated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphisms: 16519T and 3010A. These potential associations have not been studied in adult CVS. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is a hypothesized component in the multifactorial pathogenesis of migraine without aura (MoA, 'common migraine') and the related condition of cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS). In this study, the entire mitochondrial genome was sequenced in 20 haplogroup-H CVS patients, a subject group studied because of greater genotypic and(More)
Nerve, muscle, and inflammatory cells involved in gastrointestinal (GI) function have high-energy requirements and are affected in mitochondrial disorders. Familial aggregation of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) frequently involves mothers and their children. Since mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is maternally inherited, mtDNA single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
BACKGROUND Children with cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) have a high degree of maternal inheritance of functional gastrointestinal and neurological disorders. CVS in children is also associated with an increased prevalence of mitochondrial DNA single-nucleotide polymorphisms (mtDNA SNPs) 16519 T and 3010A. Preliminary data suggests that age of onset of(More)
  • Essam A Zaki
  • 2005
The objective of the current study was to analyze Ty1-copia group retrotransposons in cultivated G. barbadense L. cottons. DNA sequence analysis of 27 partial reverse transcriptase sequences revealed that these elements are heterogeneous and this heterogeneity is resolved into 11 distinct families. Phylogenetic analyses provided strong bootstrap support for(More)
About 20% of the population suffers from "functional syndromes". Since these syndromes overlap greatly in terms of co-morbidity, pathophysiology (including aberrant autonomic activity) and treatment responses, common predisposing genetic factors have been postulated. We had previously showed that two common mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphisms at(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major etiological factor in chronic hepatitis affecting up to 24% of blood donors in Egypt. Since fluctuating levels of HCV RNA loads, including undetectable values, have been frequently observed in sera of chronic hepatitis patients, this study was designed to assess the sensitivity of PCR amplification for the plus- and(More)
Gypsy group retrotransposons in the Egyptian cotton, Gossypium barbadense, was examined by phylogenetic and molecular evolutionary analyses. DNA sequences of gypsy group retrotransposons in two G. barbadense cultivars revealed that these sequences are heterogeneous and represent two distinct families. Sequence variation between these families seems to(More)