Esra Erkol İnal

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Anomalies of the anterior belly of the digastric muscle are not very rare. An anomaly in this region may have clinical significances. In this study, bilateral anomalies of the anterior bellies of both digastric muscles are presented. When an asymmetry in the floor of the mouth is detected during diagnostic procedures like radiologic studies, anomalies of(More)
INTRODUCTION In this study we investigated the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon and median nerve in smartphone users by ultrasonography to assess the effects of smartphone addiction on the clinical and functional status of the hands. METHODS One hundred two students were divided into 3 groups: non-users, and high or low smartphone users. Smartphone(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) is not fully understood; however, it has been hypothesized that a subset of people with CIU may have an autoimmune disease and that peripheral cutaneous nerve fibers may be involved in CIU. Similarly, it has been postulated that fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is an autoimmune disorder and may(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate cochlear functions in patients with ankylosing spondilitis (AS). Prospective, case control study. Twenty-eight AS patients (56 ears) and 25 healthy control subjects (50 ears) were included in the study. Pure-tone audiometry at 250, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 4,000, 6,000 Hz and immittance measures including tympanometry and(More)
We aimed to evaluate the thicknesses of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in patients with cerebral infarction (CI) by using optical coherence tomography. This cross-sectional study evaluated 45 patients with CI (patient group) and 45 healthy subjects (control group). All subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination including optical coherence(More)
Hyperthyroidism is a pathologic condition in which the body is exposed to excessive amounts of circulating thyroid hormones. Skeletal muscle is one of the major target organs of thyroid hormones. We evaluated hand grip strength and function in patients with overt hyperthyroidism. Fifty-one patients newly diagnosed with hyperthyroidism and 44 healthy(More)
We aimed to investigate the frequency of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and the associations between RLS and quality of sleep and life in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). One hundred and eight AS patients and 64 controls were included in this study. Demographics, clinical, and laboratory data were recorded. The presence of RLS was determined with(More)
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