Esperanza Recio-Pinto

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Insulin and the insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) may directly affect the development of the nervous system. NGF, IGF-II, and insulin's effects on neurite formation and neuronal survival were studied in peripheral ganglion cell cultures from chick embryos. Neurite outgrowth was enhanced in a dose-dependent manner by insulin and IGF-II in sympathetic cell(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to inhibiting the excitation conduction process in peripheral nerves, local anesthetics (LAs) cause toxic effects on the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, neuromuscular junction, and cell metabolism. Different postoperative neurological complications are ascribed to the cytotoxicity of LAs, but the underlying mechanisms(More)
Sodium channels from several sources are covalently modified by unusually large numbers of negatively charged sialic acid residues. In the present studies, purified electroplax sodium channels were treated with neuraminidase to remove sialic acid residues and then examined for functional changes in planar lipid bilayers. Neuraminidase treatment resulted in(More)
Highly purified sodium channel protein from the electric eel, Electrophorus electricus, was reconstituted into liposomes and incorporated into planar bilayers made from neutral phospholipids dissolved in decane. The purest sodium channel preparations consisted of only the large, 260-kD tetrodotoxin (TTX)-binding polypeptide. For all preparations,(More)
Sodium channels from human cortex were fused into planar lipid bilayers in the presence of batrachotoxin, and their single channel properties examined. Single channel slope conductance averaged 26 ps; tetrodotoxin block of the channels was voltage dependent with a K1/2 at 0 mV of 51 nM. The channel was asymmetrically selective for sodium over potassium. The(More)
The effect of glycosylation on Kv1.l potassium channel function was investigated in mammalian cells stably transfected with Kv1.l or Kv1.1N207Q. Macroscopic current analysis showed that both channels were expressed but Kv1.1N207Q, which was not glycosylated, displayed functional differences compared with wild-type, including slowed activation kinetics, a(More)
Trypanosome lytic factor 1 (TLF1) is a subclass of human high-density lipoprotein that kills some African trypanosomes thereby protecting humans from infection. We have shown that TLF1 is a 500 kDa HDL complex composed of lipids and at least seven different proteins. Here we present evidence outlining a new paradigm for the mechanism of lysis; TLF1 forms(More)
The identification of biologically important and chemically well-defined substances that can promote axon and dendrite formation would improve present understanding of the development of the nervous system. Physiological concentrations of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) reversibly enhanced neurite outgrowth (NTO) in human neuroblastoma(More)
The functional role of brain insulin and insulinlike growth factor (IGF) receptors is being sought. Recently it has been found that these ligands are members of a newly identified family of neuritogenic polypeptides. We studied the relationship between 125I-insulin and 125I-IGF binding and their capacity to enhance neurite formation in cultured human(More)