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The enzyme 5alpha-reductase (5alpha-R) is present in many mammalian tissues, including the brain. The physiological importance of 5alpha-R in the brain derives from its capability to convert testosterone (T) to a more potent androgen, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and to convert progesterone and deoxycorticosterone (DOC) to their respective 5alpha-reduced(More)
A novel, accurate, rapid and modestly labor-intensive method has been developed to quantitate specific mRNA species by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). This strategy combines the high degree of specificity of competitive PCR with the sensitivity of laser-induced fluorescence capillary electrophoresis (LIF-CE). The specific target(More)
The liver is a multifunctional organ responsible for steroid hormones catabolism. Thus, the enzymes responsible for steroid catabolism are located in the liver, including the steroid 5alpha-Reductase (5alpha-R) (EC 1.3.99.5) which catalyzes the conversion of compounds with Delta(4,5) double bonds such as testosterone (T) into their respective reduced(More)
In order to account for the development of sex differences in the brain, we took, as an integrative model, the vomeronasal pathway, which is involved in the control of reproductive physiology and behavior. The fact that brain sex differences take place in complex neural networks will help to develop a motivational theory of sex differences in reproductive(More)
We studied the expression of type 1 (5alpha-R1) and type 2 (5alpha-R2) 5alpha-reductase isozymes (5alpha-R) and their regulation by dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the prefrontal cortex of male and female rats during postnatal sexual differentiation of the central nervous system (CNS), using one-step quantitative RT-PCR coupled with laser-induced fluorescence(More)
The 3alpha-hydroxy ring A-reduced metabolite of progesterone, 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (allopregnanolone) is among the most potent known ligands of the gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor, designated GABA-A, in the central nervous system. We determined by RIA serum levels of progesterone (PROG), 5-alpha-dihidroprogesterone (DHP) and(More)
Underage drinking is a leading public health problem in developed countries. An increasing proportion of adolescents consume alcoholic beverages every weekend. Increased anxiety, irritability, and depression among adolescents may induce them to seek for the anxiolytic and rewarding properties of alcohol. Allopregnanolone (AlloP) shares rewarding effects of(More)
Previous studies relating hormone and cytokine concentrations in follicular fluid to oocyte fertilizability were flawed by the uncertainty about the actual oocyte maturity status at the time of recovery and by the possible contribution of the male factor to failures of conventional in-vitro fertilization. This is the first study in which oocyte maturity was(More)
The enzyme 5alpha-reductase (5alpha-R) (EC 1.3.99.5) exists as two isoforms, 5alpha-R type 1 (5alpha-R1) and 5alpha-R type 2 (5alpha-R2). 5alpha-R1 has been associated with catabolic functions whereas 5alpha-R2 has been associated with sexually dimorphic functions of the male. We recently demonstrated that both 5alpha-R isozymes are present in the central(More)
To evaluate whether the median eminence (ME) is the site of action of CRF (corticotropin releasing factor) in inhibiting LH levels in female rats, we have injected CRF (1 nmol) directly into the ME and then measured plasma LH and FSH concentrations in conscious ovariectomized (OVX) rats in the absence or presence of a single dose of estradiol benzoate (EB).(More)