Esperanza Fernández Gómez

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Interleukins (IL)-1 and -6 have been shown to be produced by several categories of cells in the rat testis and involved in the paracrine control of testicular function. Evidence of high amounts of IL-1 have been shown in the human testis, but nothing is known about its cellular origin. Furthermore, to our knowledge, the presence of IL-6 in the human testis(More)
In human spermatogenic cells, in contrast to somatic cells, expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules is undetectable. This lack of expression may contribute to the absence of female immune reaction against spermatozoa and may be necessary for gamete fusion. Among the molecular repressor mechanisms that may be used at the DNA(More)
Despite clear indications of interleukin-1 (IL-1) action on Sertoli and germ cells, previous studies failed to detect IL-1 receptors (IL-1R) within the seminiferous tubules. Here, we investigated the existence of the type I signaling receptor (IL-1RI) and the type II decoy receptor (IL-1RII) mRNAs within the testis. Polymerase chain reaction analysis showed(More)
HCV (hepatitis C virus) infection is a serious health care problem that affects more than 170 million people worldwide. Viral clearance depends on the development of a successful cellular immune response against the virus. Interestingly, such a response is altered in chronically infected patients, leading to chronic hepatitis that can result in liver(More)
Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) has been reported to be secreted and to act within the somatic cells of the testis. We examined whether the TGF beta 1 expression is present at mRNA and protein levels in purified rat Sertoli cells (SC), purified pachytene spermatocytes (SPC), and early spermatids (SPT) cultured alone or together. SC expressed(More)
The development of a slurry sampling method for the determination of calcium, copper, iron, magnesium and zinc in fish tissue samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry is described. In comparison with microwave-assisted digestion, the proposed method is simple, requires short time and eliminates total sample dissolution before analysis. Suspension(More)
Terpenes and C(13) norisoprenoids are among the most important aromatic compounds found in a volatile and nonvolatile form in grapes. Aromatic typicity of a spirit could be attributed to these compounds despite the very important presence of volatile compounds produced during alcoholic fermentation. In this study, following a solid phase extraction stage,(More)
Nineteen samples of commercial Galician orujo spirits were analyzed by gas chromatography and distinguished from one another on the basis of the concentrations of major volatile compounds (methanol, higher alcohols, esters, acetates, and aldehydes). The spirits were also sensorily analyzed to emphasize this differentiation and to establish a sensory profile(More)
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