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The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are prominent among the lysosomal storage diseases. The intra-lysosomal accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in this group of diseases, which are caused by several different enzyme deficiencies, induces a cascade of responses that affect cellular functions and maintenance of the extra-cellular matrix. Against the(More)
Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type VI, MPS VI) is a rare progressive metabolic disorder characterized by coarse facial features, hepatosplenomegaly, restrictive pulmonary function, cardiac abnormalities and stiff joints. The disease is caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme N-acetyl galactosamine 4-sulfatase which leads to(More)
Alpha-aminoadipic and alpha-ketoadipic aciduria is an autosomal recessive inborn error of lysine, hydroxylysine, and tryptophan degradation. To date, DHTKD1 mutations have been reported in two alpha-aminoadipic and alpha-ketoadipic aciduria patients. We have now sequenced DHTKD1 in nine patients diagnosed with alpha-aminoadipic and alpha-ketoadipic aciduria(More)
We determined the cardiologic features of children with MPS I, II and VI, and evaluated the effect of enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) on cardiac disease. Twenty-four children aged 1-18 years with MPS I, II or VI were prospectively evaluated with echocardiogram and electrocardiogram from the start of enzyme-replacement therapy up to 6 years of treatment. At(More)
INTRODUCTION Diagnosis of the mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs) generally relies on an initial analysis of total glycosaminoglycan (GAG) excretion in urine. Often the dimethylmethylene blue dye-binding (DMB) assay is used, although false-negative results have been reported. We report a multiplexed diagnostic test with a high sensitivity for all MPSs and with the(More)
BACKGROUND While clinical observations suggest that many patients with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) experience chronic pain, few studies have assessed its extent and impact. We therefore investigated its prevalence in patients with all types of MPS in the Netherlands. We also examined the association between pain and health related quality of life (HRQoL)(More)
Three major clinical subgroups are usually distinguished in Mucopolysaccharidosis type I: Hurler (MPS IH, severe presentation), Hurler-Scheie (MPS IH/S, intermediate) and Scheie (MPS IS, mild). To facilitate treatment with hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, early diagnosis is important for MPS IH patients. Although screening for MPS I in newborns(More)
Hip problems in Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI) lead to severe disability. Lack of data on the course of hip disease in MPS VI make decisions regarding necessity, timing and type of surgical intervention difficult. We therefore studied the development of hip pathology in MPS VI patients over time. Data were collected as part of a prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPSII) patients frequently suffer from dyspnoea caused by restrictive airway disease due to skeletal abnormalities as well as glycosaminoglycans (GAG) accumulation at different levels of the airway, including the trachea. In this study we describe the extent of the tracheal and bronchial narrowing, the changes in(More)