Esmail Riahi

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Cholinergic interneurons (ChIs) of dorsal striatum play a key role in motor control and in behavioural learning. Neuropeptides regulate cholinergic transmission and mu opioid receptor (MOR) activation modulates striatal acetylcholine release. However, the mechanisms underlying this effect are yet uncharacterized. Here, we examined the electrophysiological(More)
It has been shown that orexin A in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) is necessary for development of morphine place preference. Additionally, D1 and D2 dopamine receptors in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) have critical roles in motivation and reward. However, little is known about the function of orexin in conditioned place preference (CPP) in rats and(More)
In this study, we evaluated the role of orexin receptors in the dorsal hippocampus (dHPC) in the development of morphine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) and modification of hippocampal c-Fos and cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) levels. Orexin-A (0.5, 5, and 50 pmol) and the orexin-1 receptor antagonist, SB334867 (10, 20, and 40(More)
This study examined the effects of intra-locus coeruleus injection of a gamma-amino-butyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor agonist on naloxone-induced withdrawal signs of morphine-dependent rats. Twenty different withdrawal signs were assessed. The total withdrawal score was calculated and used as an index of withdrawal intensity. The gamma-amino-butyric acid(More)
In the present study, the effects of intra-locus coeruleus (LC) injection of GABA(B) receptor-interacting agents on naloxone-induced withdrawal signs of morphine-dependent rats were examined. The GABA(B) receptor agonist and antagonists were injected 5 min prior to naloxone injection. Baclofen, a GABA(B) receptor agonist, decreased the TWS in a(More)
BACKGROUND An exact histologic staging of liver fibrosis is essential for identifying the best therapeutic strategy and determining the disease prognosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). While liver biopsy has a vital role in the management of liver diseases, it also sustains some limitations hampering its widespread use. OBJECTIVES In this(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Accurate and rapid diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (MI) is of major clinical significance. The troponin is the biomarker of choice for detection of cardiac injury. The objective of this study was to identify salivary levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in patients with acute MI. METHODS Thirty patients with acute MI and 28(More)
The hippocampus receives sparse orexinergic innervation from the lateral hypothalamus and expresses a high level of orexin receptor. The function of orexin receptor in the regulation of hippocampal neural activity has never been investigated. In this study, in vivo single unit recording was performed in urethane-anesthetized rats. After 15 min of baseline(More)
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