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A three-dimensional digital image correlation technique is presented for strain measurements in open-cell structures such as trabecular bone. The technique uses high-resolution computed tomography images for displacement measurements in the solid structure. In order to determine the local strain-state within single trabeculae, a tetrahedronization method is(More)
Continuum-level finite element (FE) models became standard computational tools for the evaluation of bone mechanical behavior from in vivo computed tomography scans. Such scans do not account for the anisotropy of the bone. Instead, local mechanical properties in the continuum-level FE models are assumed isotropic and are derived from bone density, using(More)
Due to remodeling of bone architecture, an optimal structure is created that minimizes bone mass and maximizes strength. In the case of osteoporotic vertebral bodies, however, this process can create over-adaptation, making them vulnerable for non-habitual loads. In a recent study, micro-finite element models of a healthy and an osteoporotic human proximal(More)
Micro-finite element (micro-FE) analysis became a standard tool for the evaluation of trabecular bone mechanical properties. The accuracy of micro-FE models for linear analyses is well established. However, the accuracy of recently developed nonlinear micro-FE models for simulations of trabecular bone failure is not known. In this study, a trabecular bone(More)
Trabecular bone strength is marked not only by the onset of local yielding, but also by post-yield behavior. To study and predict trabecular bone elastic and yield properties, micro-finite element (micro-FE) models were successfully applied. However, trabecular bone strength predictions require micro-FE models incorporating post-yield behavior of trabecular(More)
BACKGROUND Since developmental psychologists are interested in explaining age and gender differences in depression across adolescence, it is important to investigate to what extent these observed differences can be attributed to measurement bias. Measurement bias may arise when the phenomenology of depression varies with age or gender, i.e., when younger(More)
OBJECTIVE Individuals' lay beliefs about mental health problems and attitudes toward mental health care are thought to be influenced by the cultural background of these individuals. In the current study, we investigated differences between immigrant Dutch and native Dutch parents and adolescents in lay beliefs about emotional problems and attitudes toward(More)
Although immigrant adolescents are at least at equal risk of developing internalizing problems as their non-immigrant peers, immigrant adolescents are less likely to use mental health care. The present study is the first to examine ethnic differences in problem identification to find explanations for this disparity in mental health service use.(More)
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