Learn More
An Input validation can be a critical issue. Typically, a little attention is paid to it in a web development project, because overenthusiastic validation can tend to cause failures in the software, and can also break the security upon web applications such as an unauthorized access to data. Now, it is estimated the web application vulnerabilities (such as(More)
This paper presents a new framework for adding semantic into the mathematical expressions in the context of e-learning. The proposed system converts presentation MathML into content MathML with RDFa annotations. The objective is to add meaning into the mathematical contents, and to create a framework to facilitate the searching of mathematical contents on(More)
Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) is a swarm-based metaheuristic for continuous optimization. Recent work hybridized this algorithm with other metaheuristics in order to improve performance. The work in this paper, experimentally evaluates the use of different mutation operators with the ABC algorithm. The introduced operator is activated according to a(More)
In this paper, we have introduced a new multi-agent nature-inspired routing algorithm. The algorithm is referred to as the BeesAnts algorithm. It is a combination of the ant colony-based routing algorithm (ARA) and the BeeHive-based routing algorithm. The proposed routing algorithm works effectively on networks consisting of two parts; one is a fixed(More)
Harmony search algorithm (HSA) is a recent evolutionary algorithm used to solve several optimization problems. The algorithm mimics the improvisation behaviour of a group of musicians to find a good harmony. Several variations of HSA have been proposed to enhance its performance. In this paper, a new variation of HSA that uses multi-parent crossover is(More)
—This paper presents a new framework for adding semantics into e-learning system. The proposed approach relies on two principles. The first principle is the automatic addition of semantic information when creating the mathematical contents. The second principle is the collaborative tagging and annotation of the e-learning contents and the use of an ontology(More)