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Cardiac tamponade is a rare but life-threatening complication of umbilical venous catheterization in the newborn. Most complications from central venous catheters are related to incorrect position of the catheter and it is emphasized to confirm the position of the catheter tip after placement in order to avoid possible complications. We present an unusual(More)
BACKGROUND Generalised oedema is a frequent finding during neonatal sepsis, but its aetiology remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to measure functional C1 inhibitor (fC1 inh) levels in newborns with culture-proven sepsis, compare the results with age- and gestational age (GA)-matched controls and correlate the results with the(More)
Ghrelin is a newly discovered orexigenic peptide originating from the stomach. Circulating ghrelin levels reflect acute and chronic energy balance in humans. However, it is not known whether ghrelin also plays a role in energy homeostasis during fetal life. Forty-one small-for-gestational age (SGA) and 34 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants were(More)
BACKGROUND Amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) at <6 h is the best single outcome predictor in term infants with perinatal asphyxia at normothermia. Hypothermia treatment has changed the cutoff values for outcome prediction by using time at onset of normal trace and SWC. Cerebral hemodynamics and oxygenation changes detected by near infrared(More)
The study was designed to investigate the cerebrospinal fluid and serum levels of neuron-specific enolase, along with cranial ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electroencephalography (EEG), for predicting the clinical state and neurologic outcome of 26 asphyxiated term newborns. The babies were graded according to the Sarnat and Sarnat(More)
Transcutaneous Doppler ultrasound measurements were made of the superior mesenteric artery of 25 term infants to correlate the intestinal blood flow with neonatal acid-base status as measured in umbilical artery blood and newborn condition as reflected by Apgar score. Compared with the babies whose umbilical artery pH was higher than 7.20 (peak systolic(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to evaluate the striatal dopamine D2 receptor density in infants with perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIBI) using 123I-iodobenzamide (IBZM) brain SPECT and to correlate the findings with the severity of HIBI and neurologic outcome. METHODS Twenty infants who were diagnosed to have perinatal HIBI were(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the frequency, etiology and consequences of neonatal hypoglycemia. STUDY DESIGN Ninety-four infants admitted to Gazi University Hospital neonatal intensive care unit for hypoglycemia (blood glucose <2.2 mmol/l 140 mg/dl]) over the past 5 years were identified and investigated with regard to cause, duration of treatment and(More)
Caffeine, which has a wide range between therapeutic and toxic levels, is a widely used medication for prevention and treatment of apnoea of prematurity. Despite its safety, caffeine overdose and intoxication has been previously reported in the literature. We present a 30-day-old 28-week preterm newborn who was exposed to 300 mg.kg-1 caffeine base by mouth(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this work was to determine the radiation dose received by infants from radiographic exposure and the contribution from scatter radiation due to radiographic exposure of other infants in the same room. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively evaluated the entrance skin doses (ESDs) and effective doses of 23 infants with a gestational(More)