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Human milk is a complex biological fluid. It contains many nutrients, anti-infectious and biologically active substance. Human milk also contains many angiogenic polypeptides. We have determined four of these: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF), insulin-like growth factor- I (IGF-I) and platelet-derived growth(More)
Ghrelin is a newly discovered orexigenic peptide originating from the stomach. Circulating ghrelin levels reflect acute and chronic energy balance in humans. However, it is not known whether ghrelin also plays a role in energy homeostasis during fetal life. Forty-one small-for-gestational age (SGA) and 34 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants were(More)
BACKGROUND Hypernatremic dehydration due to inadequate fluid intake can be a significant problem during the neonatal period and thereafter. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the term newborn infants admitted to Gazi University Hospital neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for hypernatremic dehydration between June 2001 and June 2003 and(More)
DNA repair plays a key role in prevention of carcinogenesis and one of the most important DNA repair mechanisms is nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway. This pathway includes a number of genes such as excision repair cross-complementing group 1 (ERCC1) gene which are responsible for the 5′ incision of damaged DNA. A reduced DNA repair capacity(More)
We investigated the relationship between total serum bilirubin and serum Tau and S100B protein levels, and predicted a cutoff level of bilirubin-induced neurotoxicity in term newborns. Total serum bilirubin, serum Tau, and S100B levels were measured in 92 jaundiced term newborns. A neurologic examination, electroencephalogram, brainstem auditory-evoked(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to evaluate the striatal dopamine D2 receptor density in infants with perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIBI) using 123I-iodobenzamide (IBZM) brain SPECT and to correlate the findings with the severity of HIBI and neurologic outcome. METHODS Twenty infants who were diagnosed to have perinatal HIBI were(More)
AIM The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of close and remote phototherapy on serum nitric oxide (NO) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels as well as on body temperature heart rate and blood pressure in neonates of different gestational ages. PATIENTS AND METHOD Term (gestational age > or = 37 weeks) and preterm neonates(More)
Nitrogen monoxide (NO) is a potent endogenous vasodilator and is involved in cytotoxicity, neurotransmission, and immunological defense mechanisms. Phototherapy has long been known to change the distribution of blood flow throughout the body in newborn infants. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of phototherapy on NO production in(More)
BACKGROUND Hypothermia is becoming a common treatment for newborns with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. Cerebral metabolic effects have been studied extensively. However, acute effects on peripheral microcirculation are unknown. The effects of therapeutic hypothermia on peripheral microcirculation assessed by side-stream dark field (SDF) imaging technique(More)
Recommendations for FFP use in neonates are based on a very limited amount of data, and not on well-designed randomized controlled trials. This retrospective study was performed to analyze our experience with FFP use in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). From January 2006 until August 2011 a total of 80 neonates were identified as having been treated with(More)