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Intimins and invasins are virulence factors produced by pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. They contain C-terminal extracellular passenger domains that are involved in adhesion to host cells and N-terminal β domains that are embedded in the outer membrane. Here, we identify the domain boundaries of an E. coli intimin β domain and use this information to(More)
The 63-kDa fragment of the protective antigen (PA) component of anthrax toxin forms a heptameric channel, (PA63)7, in acidic endosomal membranes that leads to the translocation of edema factor (EF) and lethal factor (LF) to the cytosol. It also forms a channel in planar phospholipid bilayer membranes. What role does this channel play in the translocation of(More)
Micronutrients such as siderophore-bound iron and vitamin B(12) cross the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria through a group of 22-stranded beta-barrel proteins. They share the unusual feature that their N-terminal end inserts from the periplasmic side into the beta-barrel and plugs the lumen. Transport results from energy-driven movement of TonB(More)
TonB-dependent transporters (TBDTs), which transport iron-chelating siderophores and vitamin B(12) across the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, share a conserved architecture of a 22-stranded β-barrel with an amino-terminal plug domain occluding the barrel. We previously reported that we could induce TBDTs to reversibly open in planar lipid bilayers(More)
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