Esfandiar Mohammadi

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In this paper we present MATor: a framework for rigorously assessing the degree of anonymity in the Tor network. The framework explicitly addresses how user anonymity is impacted by real-life characteristics of actually deployed Tor, such as its path selection algorithm, Tor consensus data, and the preferences and the connections of the user. The anonymity(More)
Protecting individuals' privacy in online communications has become a challenge of paramount importance. To this end, anonymous communication (AC) protocols such as the widely used Tor network have been designed to provide anonymity to their participating users. While AC protocols have been the subject of several security and anonymity analyses in the last(More)
We devise an abstraction of secure multi-party computations in the applied π-calculus. Based on this abstraction, we propose a methodology to mechanically analyze the security of cryptographic protocols employing secure multi-party computations. We exemplify the applicability of our framework by analyzing the SIMAP sugar-beet double auction protocol. We(More)
The onion routing network Tor is undoubtedly the most widely employed technology for anonymous web access. Although the underlying onion routing (OR) protocol appears satisfactory, a comprehensive analysis of its security guarantees is still lacking. This has also resulted in a significant gap between research work on OR protocols and existing OR anonymity(More)
The anonymous communication protocol Tor constitutes the most widely deployed technology for providing anonymity for user communication over the Internet. Several frameworks have been proposed that show strong anonymity guarantees, none of these, however, are capable of modeling the class of traffic-related timing attacks against Tor, such as traffic(More)
The onion routing (OR) network Tor provides privacy to Internet users by facilitating anonymous web browsing. It achieves anonymity by routing encrypted traffic across a few routers, where the required encryption keys are established using a key exchange protocol. Goldberg, Stebila and Ustaoglu recently characterized the security and privacy properties(More)
Dolev-Yao models of cryptographic operations constitute the foundation of many successful verification tools for security protocols, such as the protocol verifier ProVerif. Research over the past decade has shown that many of these symbolic abstractions are computationally sound, i.e., the absence of attacks against the abstraction entails the security of(More)
Protecting individuals’ privacy in online communications has become a challenge of paramount importance. To this end, anonymous communication (AC) protocols such as the widely used Tor network have been designed to provide anonymity to their participating users. While AC protocols have been the subject of several security and anonymity analyses in the last(More)
Many privacy-enhancing technologies, in particular anonymous communication networks (ACNs) as a key building block, suffer from a lack of a sufficient number of participants. Without high user participation, ACNs are vulnerable to traffic analysis attacks. The only ACN with a high number of participants (around 1.5 million users) is Tor. Yet, Tor is prone(More)