Learn More
We generated mice with a null mutation of the forebrain-restricted transcription factor BF-1 to examine its function in brain development. Heterozygous animals have an apparently normal phenotype. Homozygous null BF-1 mutants die at birth and have a dramatic reduction in the size of the cerebral hemispheres. The development of the ventral telencephalon is(More)
Metanephric mesenchyme gives rise to both the epithelial cells of the nephron and the stromal cells of the mature kidney. The function of the stroma. in kidney morphogenesis is poorly understood. We have generated mice with a null mutation in the Winged Helix (WH) transcription factor BF-2 to examine its function during development. BF-2 expression within(More)
We have previously characterized a novel transcription factor family in mammals, the HNF-3 family, by the members' homology to one another and to the Drosophila homeotic gene fork head. The expression of fork head is restricted to the anterior and posterior termini of the early fly embryo. Brain factor 1 (BF-1) is a new member of this family isolated from(More)
The three-dimensional structure of an HNF-3/fork head DNA-recognition motif complexed with DNA has been determined by X-ray crystallography at 2.5 A resolution. This alpha/beta protein binds B-DNA as a monomer, through interactions with the DNA backbone and through both direct and water-mediated major and minor groove base contacts, inducing a 13 degrees(More)
HNF-4 (hepatocyte nuclear factor 4) is a protein enriched in liver extracts that binds to sites required for the transcription of the genes for transthyretin (TTR), the carrier protein in the serum for vitamin A and thyroid hormone, and for apolipoprotein CIII (apoCIII), a major constituent of chylomicrons and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). Synthetic(More)
Brain factor-1 (BF-1) is a winged-helix (WH) transcription factor with a restricted pattern of expression in the neural tube. In the embryo, BF-1 is localized to the progenitor cells of the most rostral neural tube, the telencephalic neuroepithelium. Expression of BF-1 persists in the adult brain in the structures derived from the telencephalon, including(More)
One of the earliest events in the development of the central nervous system is the establishment of positional identity along the anteroposterior (A-P) axis of the neuroepithelium. In recent years, regulatory genes with regionally restricted expression in the neuroepithelium have been identified which are believed to specify its developmental fate. We have(More)
During mammalian cerebral corticogenesis, progenitor cells become progressively restricted in the types of neurons they can produce. The molecular mechanism that determines earlier versus later born neuron fate is unknown. We demonstrate here that the generation of the earliest born neurons, the Cajal-Retzius cells, is suppressed by the telencephalic(More)
Brain factor 1 (BF-1) is a winged-helix transcription factor with restricted expression in the anterior optic vesicle and in the telencephalic neuroepithelium of the neural tube. We have previously found that targeted disruption of the BF-1 gene results in hypoplasia of the cerebral hemispheres, which is more severe in structures derived from the ventral(More)
By analysis of cDNA clones that cross-hybridized with a portion of the cDNA encoding the recently described rat protein hepatocyte nuclear factor 3 alpha (HNF-3 alpha, previously called HNF-3A), we now describe two additional members, HNF-3 beta and HNF-3 gamma, of this gene family. A 110-amino-acid region in the DNA-binding domain of this family is not(More)