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The spontaneous behavior of humans can be altered dramatically by repeated exposure to psychomotor stimulants. We have developed a primate model for analyzing the neurobiology underlying such drug-induced behavioral changes. We performed ethogram-based behavioral assays on squirrel monkeys given single or multiple cocaine treatments, and in the same monkeys(More)
Enhanced cued recall (ECR) is highly sensitive and specific in discrimination of demented from non-demented elderly persons. The nature of the test promises that it can be applicable to subjects in different cultures and education level. We studied the utility of the test in a Turkish population. Eighty consecutive cases with dementia or mild cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND Cortical cholinergic deficiency occurs in Parkinson's disease (PD) and is more severe in PD dementia (PDD). Short-latency afferent inhibition (SAI) can be used as an in vivo test for the evaluation of the cholinergic circuit in the cerebral motor cortex. METHODS SAI and neuropsychological profile were studied in nondemented PD, PDD, Alzheimer's(More)
Stereotypic behaviors and thoughts are manifested in a range of neuropsychiatric disorders including Tourette's syndrome. To understand and to treat these pathologic stereotypies it is important to establish the molecular, pharmacological and systems-level alterations in brain circuits that accompany such behaviors. We review here experiments performed in(More)
Chronic administration of dopaminergic agonists to rats with unilateral 6-OH-dopamine (6-OHDA) lesions of nigrostriatal pathway produces behavioral sensitization to subsequent agonist challenges and may serve as a model for DOPA-induced dyskinesias. In order to understand striatal mechanisms behind this long-term behavioral change we examined striatal c-Fos(More)
Clinical discrimination of the early stages of AD and MCI is challenging. MRI indices which are simple enough to be applied by non-radiologists on hard copies would be of practical importance in the discrimination. We studied 45 consecutive patients (17 with MCI, 25 with AD, 3 with normal cognitive findings) with at least one white matter lesion (WML) on(More)
Excessive grooming behaviors, cleansing rituals, and self-mutilation are important features of a range of neuropsychiatric diseases including obsessive compulsive (OC)-spectrum disorders. In this issue of Neuron, Greer and Capecchi (2002) report that Hoxb8 mutant mice exhibit this behavioral phenotype. These Hoxb8 mutants will be valuable in exploring the(More)
Voluntary movement difficulties in Parkinson's disease are initially relieved by l-DOPA therapy, but with disease progression, the repeated l-DOPA treatments can produce debilitating motor abnormalities known as l-DOPA-induced dyskinesias. We show here that 2 striatum-enriched regulators of the Ras/Rap/ERK MAP kinase signal transduction cascade,(More)
We evaluated effect of aging, gender and eye (sighting) dominance on relationship between visual evoked flow response (VEFR) and visual evoked potential (VEP), which refers to neurovascular coupling. The VEFR was defined as a percentage increase of the ratio of mean blood flow velocity in the contralateral (according to the side of dominant eye processing)(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in the default mode network (DMN) activity are early features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may be linked to AD-specific Aβ pathology. METHODS Cognitive profiles; DMN connectivity alterations; and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid beta (Aβ)1-42, total tau, phosphorylated tau 181, and α-synuclein levels were studied in 21 patients with(More)