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The pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern of SmaI digests of 29 strains of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis and subsp. cremoris were determined. Unrelated strains yielded markedly different patterns of digestion products. Bacteriophage-resistant derivatives of four strains, generated by a method analogous to that used regularly in some cheese(More)
We present a Model-Predictive Control (MPC) system for online synthesis of interactive and physically valid character motion. Our system enables a complex (36-DOF) 3D human character model to balance in a given pose, dodge projectiles, and improvise a get up strategy if forced to lose balance, all in a dynamic and unpredictable environment. Such(More)
[1] This study presents a detailed description and analysis of a pseudo-breakup, which took place in the field of view (FOV) of the Magnetometers–Ionospheric Radars–All-sky Cameras Large Experiment (MIRACLE) network (IMAGE magnetometers, Scandinavian Twin Auroral Radar Experiment [STARE] radars, and all-sky cameras) on 3 November 1997 at 2212 UT. The(More)
[1] We study the seasonal variation of substorms, geomag-netic activity and their solar wind drivers in 1993–2008. The number of substorms and substorm mean duration depict an annual variation with maxima in Winter and Summer, respectively, reflecting the annual change of the local iono-sphere. In contradiction, substorm mean amplitude, substorm total(More)
We compare the probability distributions of sub-storm magnetic bay magnitudes from observations and a minimal substorm model. The observed distribution was derived previously and independently using the IL index from the IMAGE magnetometer network. The model distribution is derived from a synthetic AL index time series created using real solar wind data and(More)
Membrane potential in a mathematical model of a cardiac myocyte can be formulated in different ways. Assuming a spatially homogeneous myocyte that is strictly charge-conservative and electroneutral as a whole, two methods will be compared: (1) the differential formulation dV/dt=-I/C_m of membrane potential used traditionally; and (2) the capacitor(More)
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