Esa Kuismanen

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The effect of reduced temperature on synchronized transport of SFV membrane proteins from the ER via the Golgi complex to the surface of BHK-21 cells revealed two membrane compartments where transport could be arrested. At 15 degrees C the proteins could leave the ER but failed to enter the Golgi cisternae and accumulated in pre-Golgi vacuolar elements. At(More)
Recent results have provided increasing evidence for the existence of an intermediate membrane compartment between the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex which seems to function in protein sorting and the regulation of membrane traffic in the early part of the exocytic pathway. Localization of resident marker proteins has shown that this(More)
Oxysterol binding protein (OSBP) homologs comprise a family of 12 proteins in humans (Jaworski et al., 2001; Lehto et al., 2001). Two variants of OSBP-related protein (ORP) 1 have been identified: a short one that consists of the carboxy-terminal ligand binding domain only (ORP1S, 437 aa) and a longer N-terminally extended form (ORP1L, 950 aa) encompassing(More)
A number of cellular proteins and viral spike proteins are cleaved at a basic recognition sequence. To characterize the membrane traffic step at which this proteolysis occurs we have studied the intracellular processing site of Semliki Forest virus (SFV) spike precursor p62 in BHK21 cells. The p62 is endoproteolytically cleaved at a tetrabasic(More)
In mammalian cells, cholesterol is thought to associate with sphingolipids to form lateral membrane domains termed rafts. Increasing evidence suggests that rafts regulate protein interactions, for example, during signalling, intracellular transport and host-pathogen interactions. Rafts are present in cholesterol-sphingolipid-enriched membranes, including(More)
Cultures of human epidermal keratinocytes obtained from adult epidermis were initiated using irradiated BALB/3T3 cells as feeder layers. At different stages of confluence of the epidermal islands, feeder cells were removed and the extracellular matrix proteins of both pure component cells and cocultures were analyzed biochemically and by immunochemical(More)
Cholesterol-sphingolipid rich plasma membrane domains, known as rafts, have emerged as important regulators of signal transduction. The adipocyte insulin receptor (IR) is localized to and signals via caveolae that are formed by polymerization of caveolins. Caveolin binds to IR and stimulates signalling. We report that, in liver-derived cells lacking(More)
Membrane fusion requires the formation of a complex between a vesicle protein (v-SNARE) and the target membrane proteins (t-SNAREs). Syntaxin 4 is a t-SNARE that, according to previous overexpression studies, is predominantly localized at the plasma membrane. In the present study endogenous syntaxin 4 was found in intracellular vesicular structures in(More)
BACKGROUND The storage of glucose as glycogen in skeletal muscle is frequently impaired in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and their nondiabetic relatives. Despite an intensive search for candidate genes associated with NIDDM, no data have been available on the gene coding for the key enzyme of this pathway, glycogen synthase.(More)