Erzsébet Takács

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The effluents of wastewater treatment plants, usually directly emitted to the environment, often contain the anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac (DCF). The paper investigates DCF elimination using irradiation technology. Hydroxyl radical and hydrated electron reactive intermediates resulting from water radiolysis effectively degrade DCF and strongly reduce(More)
By combining a large variety of analytical techniques this study aimed at elaborating methods to follow up the degradation of sulfonamides in an advanced oxidation process (AOP): irradiation with ionizing radiation in dilute aqueous solution. In this process, besides other radicals, hydroxyl radicals are produced. As pulse radiolysis experiments show the(More)
Pulse radiolysis experiments were used to characterize the intermediates formed from ibuprofen during electron beam irradiation in a solution of 0.1mmoldm(-3). For end product characterization (60)Co γ-irradiation was used and the samples were evaluated either by taking their UV-vis spectra or by HPLC with UV or MS detection. The reactions of OH resulted in(More)
Radiolytic reactions of phenylureas were studied in detail with fenuron model compound in dilute aqueous solutions using pulse radiolysis for detection of the intermediates, gamma radiolysis with UV-Vis and HPLC-MS techniques for analysis of the final products. The kinetics of oxidation was followed by COD, TOC and toxicity measurements. During radiolysis(More)
Hydroxyl radical induced degradation of maleic acid, fumaric acid and 20 aromatic molecules was investigated in air saturated aqueous solutions. Hydroxyl radicals were generated by an advanced oxidation process (AOP), water radiolysis. Oxidation was followed by chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon content (TOC) measurements. Up to ∼30-50%(More)
Penicillins, as bactericidal antibiotics, have been widely used to treat infections for several decades. Their structure contains both aromatic and thioether moieties susceptible to free radical oxidation. The (•)OH induced oxidation mechanism of amoxicillin was investigated by pulse radiolysis techniques and by final product analysis performed after(More)
Ozonation (O3) and its combination with ultraviolet radiation (O3/UV) were used to decompose ketoprofen (KET). Depending on the initial KET concentration, fourteen to fifty time's faster KET degradation was achieved using combined O3/UV method compared to simple ozonation. Using both methods, formation of four major aromatic transformation products were(More)
Changes of inbreeding and reproduction of Hungarian Grey cows were investigated in a relatively small population. Inbreeding was expressed by Wright’s coefficient and blood group allele frequency. Under 10 p. 100 of homozigosity no effect of inbreeding on reproduction could be observed. The difference between the inbred and not inbred part of population in(More)
Certain bactericidal antibiotics target mitochondrial components and, due to the leakage of electrons from the electron transport chain, one-electron reduction might occur that can lead to intermediates passing the electron to suitable acceptors. This study aimed at investigating the one-electron reduction mechanism of selected penicillin derivatives using(More)
In water treatment by ionizing radiation, and also in other advanced oxidation processes, the main goal is to destroy, or at least to deactivate harmful water contaminants: pharmaceutical compounds, pesticides, surfactants, health-care products, etc. The chemical transformations are mainly initiated by hydroxyl radicals, and the reactions of the formed(More)