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The local effect of nicotine on the extracellular levels of amino acids was examined in the striatum and frontal cortex of rats using microdialysis in vivo. The perfusion of 1 mM nicotine in Ringer's solution increased the extracellular levels of aspartic and glutamic acids by 40-50% in the striatum and had no effect on the levels of serine, glycine,(More)
We studied the effect of local administration of nicotine on the release of monoamines in striatum, substantia nigra, cerebellum, hippocampus, cortex (frontal, cingulate), and pontine nucleus and on the release of glutamic acid in striatum of rats in vivo, using microdialysis for nicotine administration and for measuring extracellular amine and glutamic(More)
We tested the effect of glycine on phencyclidine (PCP)-induced hyperactivity in mice. Glycine antagonized the locomotor stimulating effect of PCP. Correlation was found between the degree of antagonistic effect and the size of the increase in glycine in the brain. The antagonism is not due to changes in uptake, since the elevation of glycine in plasma and(More)
Brain microdialysis and high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection were utilized to study the effect of the selective non-competitive NMDA antagonist MK-801 (dizocilpine) on striatal dopamine (DA) release in the anesthetized rat. Perfusion of 100 microM and 300 microM (+/-)-MK-801 through the probe did not significantly change the(More)
Previously we have reported serum amyloid P component (SAP) induced cell death in cerebro-cortical cultures of rat brain. In this paper we studied the types of target cells and the molecular mechanism of SAP-induced cell death. Immuno-electron and light microscopy revealed that SAP penetrates the plasma membrane and translocates selectively into the nuclei(More)
Iminodipropionitrile (IDPN), a compound that causes dyskinetic symptoms in animals and has possible use as a model for human dyskinesia, was tested in mice and rats for its effect on cerebral amino acids. In mice, 2 h after IDPN administration, the level of total brain alanine was reduced; after 5 h the levels of aspartic acid and glutamic acid were also(More)
The anticonvulsive effects of GABA, taurine, and glycine were investigated on several chemically-induced and genetic seizure models. Intravenous injections of either GABA, taurine, or glycine provided protection against 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA)-induced convulsions in adult Swiss mice. GABA was partially effective against isonicotinic acid hydrazide(More)
The effect of acetyl-L-carnitine, a compound reported to be beneficial for senile patients, on the release of dopamine (DA) from the striatum was studied by using in vivo brain dialysis in anesthetized rats coupled with HPLC-electrochemical detection. Striatal infusion of acetyl-L-carnitine increased the efflux of DA with no apparent changes in efflux of DA(More)
  • E Toth
  • 1996
Using microdialysis, we compared intracerebral and subcutaneous administration of nicotine for the effect on the levels of extracellular amino acids in the hippocampus of anesthetized rats. Administration by microdialysis of 10 mM nicotine, resulting in a nicotine concentration of 0.134 mumol/g in the hippocampus, increased the extracellular levels of(More)
In vivo brain microdialysis and high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection were used to study the effect of different selective alpha 2-antagonists on hippocampal norepinephrine (NE) release in freely moving awake rat. Systemic administration (0.5 mg/kg i.p.) of either the alpha 2AD-antagonist BRL 44408 or the alpha 2BC-antagonist(More)