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Chemical stimulation of the lateral or ventrolateral columns of the midbrain periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) in conscious animals produces opposite responses (viz., defensive behavior and pressor responses from the lateral column vs. quiescence and depressor responses from the ventrolateral column), raising the possibility that the two columns are(More)
The postero-medial barrel-subfield (PMBSF) of the SI cortex of normal adult mice contains clusters of cells called "barrels". Each barrel histochemically shows increased activity of succinate, lactate, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and also GABA-T activity. Some neuronal perikarya in the barrel walls show GABA-T activity. Mitochondrial alpha-GPDH(More)
Synaptogenesis in the molecular layer of the vermis cortex in Wistar rats between 1 and 25 days after birth was investigated. After staining with OSO4, the following parameters were measured: the density of synaptic profiles; the percentage of the neuropil area occupied by synapses; the mean diameter of the boutons; and the numerical density of synapses in(More)
The periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) serves as the midbrain link between forebrain emotional processing systems and motor pathways used in the defense reaction. Part of this response depends upon PAG efferent pathways that modulate cardiovascular-related sympathetic outflow systems, including those that regulate the heart. While it is known that the PAG(More)
The periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) has been implicated in a variety of different functions, including autonomic regulation. Chemical stimulation of the lateral PAG produces hypertension and tachycardia while activation of the ventrolateral PAG produces the opposite effect. While these effects are the result of alterations in sympathetic activity, little(More)
In normal adult rats, the mystacial vibrissae and the common fur of the snout project at different loci on the SI cortex. The surface area of the normal fur projection is 0.8 mm2, whereas the vibrissa field amounts to 3-4 mm2. In rats dewhiskered since birth, the vibrissa area can still be identified through the projections from ipsilateral vibrissae(More)
We previously demonstrated that refeeding after a prolonged fast activates a subset of neurons in the ventral parvocellular subdivision of the paraventricular nucleus (PVNv) as a result of increased melanocortin signaling. To determine whether these neurons contribute to satiety by projecting to the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), the retrogradely(More)
Three-day-old rats received an infusion of a small dose of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) (12 micrograms) directly into the locus ceruleus nuclei, in order to induce a subtotal lesion of the noradrenergic system. Significant modifications in cerebellum maturation were observed, mainly a regression failure in the perisomatic Purkinje cell processes in the depth(More)
Surface evoked and single unit responses to vibrissa stimulation were investigated in the PosteroMedial Barrel SubField (PMBSF) area of rat and mouse SI cortex. The data strongly suggest a correspondence between the focal point of the surface projection region and the underlying barrel hollow. Units activated by the whisker movement were recorded in all(More)
Postnatal ontogeny of dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH)-like immunoreactive fibers in the rat cerebellar cortex has been studied by immunofluorescence on sagittal sections of the vermis. Except in the case of unusual thick highly fluorescent fibers noticed in the external granular layer during the first 2 weeks after birth, the arrival of DBH-containing(More)