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McDonald and Burke (J. Bacteriol. 149:391-394, 1982) previously cloned a sulfanilamide-resistance gene, sul, residing on a 4.9-kb segment of Bacillus subtilis chromosomal DNA, into plasmid pUB110. In this study we determined the nucleotide sequence of the entire 4.9-kb fragment. Genes identified on the fragment include pab, trpG, pabC, sul, one complete(More)
Some strains of Escherichia coli contain retroelements (retrons) that encode genes for reverse transcriptase and branched, multicopy, single-stranded DNA (msDNA) linked to RNA. However, the origin of retrons is unknown. A P4-like cryptic prophage was found that contains a retroelement (retron Ec73) for msDNA-Ec73 in an E. coli clinical strain. The entire(More)
The Notch signaling pathway is essential in many cell fate decisions in invertebrates as well as in vertebrates. After ligand binding, a two-step proteolytic cleavage releases the intracellular part of the receptor which translocates to the nucleus and acts as a transcriptional activator. Although Notch-induced transcription of genes has been reported(More)
Bax is a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins which localizes to and uses mitochondria as its major site of action. Bax normally resides in the cytoplasm and translocates to mitochondria in response to apoptotic stimuli, and it promotes apoptosis in two ways: (i) by disrupting mitochondrial membrane barrier function by formation of(More)
The sequences of two previously defined tail genes, V and J, of the temperate bacteriophage P2, and those of two new essential tail genes, W and I, were determined. Their order is the late gene promoter, VWJI, followed by the tail fiber genes H and G, and a transcription terminator. The V gene product is the small spike at the tip of the tail, and the J(More)
The gene fimU, located on a recombinant plasmid carrying the Salmonella typhimurium type 1 fimbrial gene cluster is closely related to the Escherichia coli tRNA gene argU. The fimU gene complements an E. coli argU mutant that is a P2 lysogen, thereby allowing the phage P4 to grow in this strain but preventing the growth of phage lambda. In addition, fimU(More)
The increasing popularity of multimedia streaming applications introduces new challenges in content distribution networks. Streaming services such as video on demand (VoD) or digital television over the Internet (IPTV) are very bandwidth-intensive and cannot tolerate the high delays and poor loss properties of today's Internet. To solve these problems,(More)