Erwin R. Schmidt

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The columnar growth habit of apple trees (Malus × domestica Borkh.) is a unique plant architecture phenotype that arose as a bud sport mutation of a McIntosh tree in the 1960s. The mutation (“Co gene”) led to trees (McIntosh Wijcik) with thick, upright main stems and short internodes that generate short fruit spurs instead of long lateral branches. Although(More)
The ribosomal DNAs from Ch. thummi piger and Ch. th. thummi were cloned and analysed by a variety of restriction endonucleases. Comparison of rDNA clones from the two subspecies revealed a considerable length difference: the length of the analysed rDNA cistrons is approximately 9.0 kb for Ch. th. piger and approximately 14.5 kb for Ch. th. thummi. The(More)
A cluster containing at least four globin genes was isolated by screening an lambda EMBL3 genomic DNA library of the midge Chironomus thummi piger (Ctp) with a heterologous haemoglobin (Hb) gene IV (HbIV) probe from Chironomus thummi thummi (Ctt). This globin gene cluster was localized by in situ hybridization to chromosome II. One globin gene together with(More)
Cla elements are a family of tandem repetitive DNA sequences present in the genome of several Chironomus species. Interspersed clusters of Cla elements are widely distributed all over the chromosomes in C. thummi thummi, while they seem to be limited to the centromeric regions in the closely related subspecies C. t. piger. Here we present molecular evidence(More)
The intron positions found in globin genes of plants, protozoa and invertebrates have been interpreted as evidence for a three-intron-four-exon structure of the ancestral globin gene. In particular, the so-called 'central' introns, which are not found in vertebrate globin genes but are present in a variety of invertebrate and plant species, have been used(More)
In high throughput sequence analysis, it is often necessary to combine the results of contemporary bioinformatics tools, because no individual tool alone computes all the requested information. ESTAnnotator is a tool for the high throughput annotation of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) by automatically running a collection of bioinformatics applications. In(More)
Two geographically distant populations of Chironomus riparius (syn. C. thummi) from two environmentally polluted sites (Santena, Italy and Varna, Bulgaria) show numerous somatic and inherited chromosomal aberrations (inversions, deletions and deficiencies). Fifty-five percent of the observed breakpoints occurred in at least two larvae from both populations.(More)
The repetition frequency of a highly repetitive DNA sequence has been measured in the genomes of Ch. thummi thummi and Ch. th. piger. This sequence is known to be involved in the evolutionary duplication of defined chromosomal segments leading to a significant increase in the genome size of Ch. th. thummi. Reassociation of this highly repetitive DNA(More)
The dominant male sex determiner in chromosome III of the midge Chironomus thummi thummi is closely linked to a large cluster of tandem-repetitive DNA elements, the Cla elements, which are otherwise highly repetitive and distributed over more than 200 sites on all chromosomes. Chromosome III displays a hemizygous cluster of Cla elements in males but not in(More)