Erwin Lauwers

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Recently, the ligand of the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR39 has been identified as obestatin, a 23-amino acid peptide derived from the ghrelin precursor protein. We used two methods to study the possible activation of GPR39 by obestatin: cAMP measurements based on a luminescent reporter gene and a fluorometric Ca(2+) flux method. The former was(More)
In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of neurodegeneration of the nigrostriatal tract in a rodent model of Parkinson’s disease on the different MR contrasts (T2, T1, CBF and CBV) measured in the striatum. Animals were injected with 6-hydroxydopamine (6OHDA) in the substantia nigra resulting in massive loss of nigrostriatal neurons and hence(More)
Lentiviral vectors are promising tools for gene transfer into the central nervous system. We have characterized in detail transduction with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-derived vectors encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) in the adult mouse brain. Different brain regions such as the striatum, hippocampus, and the lateral(More)
The unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion rat model is a well-known acute model for Parkinson’s disease (PD). Its validity has been supported by invasive histology, behavioral studies and electrophysiology. Here, we have characterized this model in vivo by multitracer imaging [glucose metabolism and dopamine transporter (DAT)] in relation to(More)
Type 1 cannabinoid (CB1) receptors are expressed in high concentrations in the central nervous system, including the basal ganglia, and could have direct or indirect effects on motor behavior through modulation of dopaminergic, glutamatergic and GABA-ergic neurotransmission. Using the CB1 receptor radioligand [(18)F]MK-9470 and small-animal PET, we(More)
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting the dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Aggregation of alpha-synuclein appears to play a central role in the pathogenesis. Novel animal models for neurodegeneration have been generated by lentiviral vector-mediated locoregional overexpression of disease-associated genes in the adult(More)
Two mutations in alpha-synuclein, the main constituent of Lewy bodies, have been identified in familial Parkinson's disease. We have stereotactically injected lentiviral vectors encoding wild-type and A30P mutant human alpha-synuclein in different brain regions (striatum, substantia nigra, amygdala) of mice. Overexpression of alpha-synuclein induced(More)
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