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A multisurface model is used to evaluate the contribution of various sorption surfaces to the control of heavy metal activity in sandy soil samples at pH 3.7-6.1 with different sorbent contents. This multisurface model considers soil as a set of independent sorption surfaces, i.e. organic matter (NICA-Donnan), clay silicate (Donnan), and iron hydroxides(More)
The complexation of heavy metals with dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the environment influences the solubility and mobility of these metals. In this paper, we measured the complexation of Cu, Cd, Zn, Ni, and Pb with DOM in the soil solution at pH 3.7-6.1 using a Donnan membrane technique. The results show that the DOM-complexed species is generally more(More)
Most research dealing with soil (solution) speciation and metal uptake by plants has focused on the relationships between a certain bioavailable fraction in the soil and metal uptake by aboveground parts of the plants. Here, a new approach to interpretation of metal uptake is presented that considers four steps: First, the metal concentration in the soil(More)
The use of the [S,S]-isomer of EDDS to enhance phytoextraction has been proposed for the remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. Speciation of metals in soil solution in the presence of EDDS and dissolved organic matter (DOM) received, however, almost no attention, whereas metal speciation plays an important role in relation to uptake of metals by(More)
Determination of the isotopic signature of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is important to assess its dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems. Analysis of (15)N-DON, however, has been hindered by the lack of simple, reliable, and established methods. We evaluate three off-line techniques for measuring the (15)N signature of DON in the presence of inorganic N(More)
Two wet digestion procedures for the determination of lead in plant materials by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry have been evaluated. The combination of HNO3, H2O2 and HF, though leading to incomplete digestion, yielded values corresponding well with the reference or indicative values of the vegetal tissues used. The mixture of H2SO4, HNO3 and(More)
Several techniques for speciation analysis of Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, and Ni are used in freshwater systems and compared with respect to their performance and to the metal species detected. The analytical techniques comprise the following: (i) diffusion gradients in thin-film gels (DGT); (ii) gel integrated microelectrodes combined to voltammetric in situ profiling(More)
Metal toxicity is not related to the total but rather to the free or labile metal ion concentration. One of the techniques that can be used to measure several free metal ion concentrations simultaneously is the Donnan Membrane Technique (DMT) in combination with the inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). However, free metal ion(More)
Among speciation techniques that are able to measure free metal ion concentrations, the Donnan membrane technique (DMT) has the advantage that it can measure many different free metal ion concentrations simultaneously in a multicomponent sample. Even though the DMT has been applied to several systems, like surface waters, soil solutions, and manure slurry,(More)
Measurements of trace metal species in situ in a softwater river, a hardwater lake, and a hardwater stream were compared to the equilibrium distribution of species calculated using two models, WHAM 6, incorporating humic ion binding model VI and visual MINTEQ incorporating NICA-Donnan. Diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) and voltammetry at a gel(More)