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Corporate social responsibility practices should address sustainability issues important to local stakeholders – issues that are EHVWLGHQWL¿HGORFDOO\ O ver time, society's expectations of businesses as responsible social institutions have increased and evolved. The idea that business has some social responsibility is not new, but corporate social(More)
Comments on an earlier (preliminary) version were received from staff at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and UNDP and are gratefully acknowledged. States and the governmental institutions may reproduce this work without prior authorization, but are requested to mention the source and inform the United Nations of such reproduction. Foreword In the(More)
BACKGROUND In many centers the standard anesthesiological care for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery in Parkinson's disease patients is an asleep-awake-asleep procedure. However, sedative drugs and anesthetics can compromise ventilation and hemodynamic stability during the operation and some patients develop a delirious mental state after the initial(More)
Anticonvulsant drugs are frequently given after craniotomy. Phenytoin (PHT) is the most commonly used agent; levetiracetam (LEV) is a new anticonvulsant drug with fewer side effects. To compare the incidence of seizures in patients receiving either prophylactic PHT or LEV perioperatively, 971 patients undergoing a craniotomy were analysed retrospectively(More)
Awake craniotomy is indicated in deep brain stimulation (DBS) for treatment of certain movement disorders, such as in Parkinson disease patients or in the surgery of brain tumors in close vicinity to the language area. The standard procedure is the asleep-awake-asleep technique where general anesthesia or analgosedation is intermittently interrupted for(More)
10 male and 10 female students in physical education aged 19 to 23 yr. were each randomly assigned to both the experimental and control groups. Experimental subjects were given the 4-wk. Eyerobics visual skills training to assess its effects on static balance performance as measured on a balance stabilometer. Analysis indicated that the women performed(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) provides a very effective treatment for a number of neurological diseases including Parkinson's disease, movement disorders and epilepsy. In DBS microelectrodes are positioned in defined cerebral target areas and connected to a pacemaker. It is most often performed as an awake craniotomy with intraoperative testing. Various(More)
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