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Microtubules are hollow cylindrical structures that constitute one of the three major classes of cytoskeletal filaments. On the mesoscopic length scale of a cell, their material properties are characterized by a single stiffness parameter, the persistence length l(p). Its value, in general, depends on the microscopic interactions between the constituent(More)
Biodiversity is essential to the viability of ecological systems. Species diversity in ecosystems is promoted by cyclic, non-hierarchical interactions among competing populations. Central features of such non-transitive relations are represented by the 'rock-paper-scissors' game, in which rock crushes scissors, scissors cut paper, and paper wraps rock. In(More)
We study a one-dimensional totally asymmetric exclusion process with random particle attachments and detachments in the bulk. The resulting dynamics leads to unexpected stationary regimes for large but finite systems. Such regimes are characterized by a phase coexistence of low and high density regions separated by domain walls. We use a mean-field approach(More)
We discuss a class of driven lattice gas obtained by coupling the one-dimensional totally asymmetric simple exclusion process to Langmuir kinetics. In the limit where these dynamics are competing, the resulting nonconserved flow of particles on the lattice leads to stationary regimes for large but finite systems. We observe unexpected properties such as(More)
We describe a theoretical and experimental analysis of the interaction between microtubules and dimeric motor proteins (kinesin, NCD), with special emphasis on the stoichiometry of the interaction, cooperative effects, and their consequences for the interpretation of biochemical and image reconstruction results. Monomeric motors can bind equivalently to(More)
Bundles of filamentous actin (F-actin) form primary structural components of a broad range of cytoskeletal processes including filopodia, sensory hair cell bristles and microvilli. Actin-binding proteins (ABPs) allow the cell to tailor the dimensions and mechanical properties of the bundles to suit specific biological functions. Therefore, it is important(More)
Ecological systems are complex assemblies of large numbers of individuals , interacting competitively under multifaceted environmental conditions. Recent studies using microbial laboratory communities have revealed some of the self-organization principles underneath the complexity of these systems. A major role of the inherent stochasticity of its dynamics(More)
Length regulation of microtubules (MTs) is essential for many cellular processes. Molecular motors like kinesin-8, which move along MTs and also act as depolymerases, are known as key players in MT dynamics. However, the regulatory mechanisms of length control remain elusive. Here, we investigate a stochastic model accounting for the interplay between(More)
Noise and spatial degrees of freedom characterize most ecosystems. Some aspects of their influence on the coevolution of populations with cyclic interspecies competition have been demonstrated in recent experiments [e.g., B. Kerr, Nature (London) 418, 171 (2002)10.1038/nature00823]. To reach a better theoretical understanding of these phenomena, we consider(More)