Erwin F Wagner

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Signaling by RANKL is essential for terminal differentiation of monocytes/macrophages into osteoclasts. The TRAF6 and c-Fos signaling pathways both play important roles downstream of RANKL. We show here that RANKL selectively induces NFATc1 expression via these two pathways. RANKL also evokes Ca(2+) oscillations that lead to calcineurin-mediated activation(More)
Multipotent, self-renewing neural stem cells reside in the embryonic mouse telencephalic germinal zone. Using an in vitro neurosphere assay for neural stem cell proliferation, we demonstrate that FGF-responsive neural stem cells are present as early as E8.5 in the anterior neural plate, but EGF-responsive neural stem cells emerge later in development in a(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells, the totipotent outgrowths of blastocysts, can be cultured and manipulated in vitro and then returned to the embryonic environment where they develop normally and can contribute to all cell lineages. Maintenance of the stem-cell phenotype in vitro requires the presence of a feeder layer of fibroblasts or of a soluble factor,(More)
Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family members function in a cell context-specific and cell type-specific manner to integrate signals that affect proliferation, differentiation, survival and migration. Consistent with the importance of these events in tumorigenesis, JNK and p38 MAPK signalling is associated with(More)
In the last ten years, we have made considerable progress in our genetic and molecular understanding of all aspects of skeletal development, chondrogenesis, joint formation, and osteogenesis. This review addresses the role of the principal growth factors and transcription factors affecting these different processes and presents, in several cases, the(More)
Th17 cells have critical roles in mucosal defense and are major contributors to inflammatory disease. Their differentiation requires the nuclear hormone receptor RORγt working with multiple other essential transcription factors (TFs). We have used an iterative systems approach, combining genome-wide TF occupancy, expression profiling of TF mutants, and(More)
Fat tissue is the most important energy depot in vertebrates. The release of free fatty acids (FFAs) from stored fat requires the enzymatic activity of lipases. We showed that genetic inactivation of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) in mice increases adipose mass and leads to triacylglycerol deposition in multiple tissues. ATGL-deficient mice accumulated(More)
c-Jun is a major component of the heterodimeric transcription factor AP-1 and is essential for embryonic development, as fetuses lacking Jun die at mid-gestation with impaired hepatogenesis and primary Jun-/- fibroblasts have a severe proliferation defect and undergo premature senescence in vitro. c-Jun and AP-1 activities are regulated by c-Jun N-terminal(More)
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is catalyzed by NAD+: protein(ADP-ribosyl) transferase (ADPRT), a chromatin-associated enzyme which, in the presence of DNA breaks, transfers ADP-ribose from NAD+ to nuclear proteins. This post-translational modification has been implicated in many fundamental processes, like DNA repair, chromatin stability, cell proliferation, and(More)