Erwin Achermann

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Most analytical methods are relative and hence require calibration. Calibration measurements are normally performed with reference materials or calibration standards. Typically least squares methods have been employed in such a manner as to ignore uncertainties associated with the calibration standards. However different authors [3, 4, 11] have shown that(More)
Decisions are often based on the results of quantitative analysis. To gain confidence in these results, some indication of their quality is needed. Measurement uncertainty, as proposed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), is a way to express this quality. Most measurement techniques compare references and therefore need to be(More)
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