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Type VI secretion systems (T6SS) are macromolecular, transenvelope machines encoded within the genomes of most Gram-negative bacteria, including plant, animal, and human pathogens, as well as soil and environmental isolates. T6SS are involved in a broad variety of functions: from pathogenesis to biofilm formation and stress sensing. This large array of(More)
Studies of several transposable genetic elements have pinpointed the importance of the transpososome, a nucleoprotein complex involving the transposon ends and a transposon-encoded enzyme--the transposase--as a key in regulating transposition. Transpososomes provide a precise architecture within which the chemical reactions involved in transposon(More)
Regulation of the bacterial phage-shock-protein (Psp) system involves communication between integral (PspBC) and peripheral (PspA) cytoplasmic membrane proteins and a soluble transcriptional activator (PspF). In this study protein subcellular localization studies were used to distinguish between spatial models for this putative signal transduction pathway(More)
The Type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a macromolecular complex widespread in Gram-negative bacteria. Although several T6SS are required for virulence towards host models, most are necessary to eliminate competitor bacteria. Other functions, such as resistance to amoeba predation, biofilm formation or adaptation to environmental conditions have also been(More)
PURPOSE This retrospective study was performed to assess the beneficial effect of preoperative embolization of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas (JNA) in terms of blood loss during surgery. METHODS Intraoperative blood loss in a group of 7 patients who underwent 10 procedures for JNA without preoperative embolization was compared with the blood loss(More)
The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a versatile secretion machine dedicated to various functions in Gram-negative bacteria, including virulence toward eukaryotic cells and antibacterial activity. Activity of T6SS might be followed in vitro by the release of two proteins, Hcp and VgrG, in the culture supernatant. Citrobacter rodentium, a rodent pathogen,(More)
The ZraSR system belongs to the family of TCSs (two-component signal transduction systems). In Escherichia coli, it was proposed to participate in zinc balance and to protect cytoplasmic zinc overload by sequestering this metal ion into the periplasm. This system controls the expression of the accessory protein ZraP that would be a periplasmic zinc(More)
The transposase of IS911, a member of the IS3 family of bacterial insertion sequences, is composed of a catalytic domain located at its C-terminal end and a DNA binding domain located at its N-terminal end. Analysis of the transposases of over 60 members of the IS3 family revealed the presence of a helix-turn-helix (HTH) motif within the N-terminal region.(More)
IS911 naturally produces transposase (OrfAB) derivatives truncated at the C-terminal end (OrfAB-CTF) and devoid of the catalytic domain. A majority species, OrfAB*, was produced at higher levels at 42 degrees C than at 30 degrees C suggesting that it is at least partly responsible for the innate reduction in IS911 transposition activity at higher(More)
The Yersinia enterocolitica phage shock protein (Psp) stress response is essential for virulence and for survival during the mislocalization of outer membrane secretin proteins. The cytoplasmic membrane proteins PspB and PspC are critical components involved in regulating psp gene expression and in facilitating tolerance to secretin-induced stress.(More)