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The objective of this document is to present the consensus opinion of the American Motility Society Clinical GI Motility Testing Task Force on the performance and clinical utility of electrogastrography (EGG). EGG is a non-invasive means of recording human gastric myoelectrical activity or slow waves from cutaneous leads placed over the stomach. In healthy(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Recent studies with neurofilament antibodies as neuronal markers have shown subpopulations of myenteric neurons that do not contain neurofilament proteins. Novel neuronal intermediate filament proteins alpha-internexin, peripherin, and nestin have been identified. The aim of this study was to examine the distribution of these novel(More)
Parkinsonian patients may have symptoms consistent with intestinal pseudo-obstruction, but a primary intestinal abnormality has not been shown. 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), after conversion to a toxic metabolite via the monoamine oxidase system, can induce Parkinson's disease by destroying dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra(More)
Evidence is lacking for neurons containing dopamine and acting as a neurotransmitter in the gastrointestinal tract. The relative percentage of dopamine to norepinephrine in noradrenergically innervated tissues (e.g., spleen) is known to be relatively constant within a species, and an increased percentage in any given tissue supports the premise that(More)
Treatment of chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction with prokinetic agents has been disappointing. Our study was designed to determine if octreotide and erythromycin would provide sustained relief from nausea, abdominal pain, and bloating in pseudoobstruction. Using gastrointestinal manometry, quantitative parameters of the activity front of the migrating(More)
OBJECTIVE The diagnosis of gastroparesis implies delayed gastric emptying. The diagnostic gold standard is scintigraphy, but techniques and measured endpoints vary widely among institutions. In this study, a simplified scintigraphic measurement of gastric emptying was compared to conventional gastric scintigraphic techniques and normal gastric emptying(More)
We studied the effect of erythromycin on gastric emptying in nine patients with gastroparesis following truncal vagotomy and antrectomy, and assessed their clinical response to chronic oral erythromycin. Gastric emptying was evaluated using a solid-phase radio-labeled meal. Patients were studied after erythromycin 200 mg intravenously (N = 9) and after an(More)
INTRODUCTION Motilin-receptor agonists are prokinetics; whether they relieve the symptoms of functional dyspepsia is unknown. We aimed to test the efficacy of the motilin agonist ABT-229 in functional dyspepsia patients with and without delayed gastric emptying. METHODS Patients were randomized with postprandial symptoms and documented functional(More)
Achalasia is a motility disorder of the esophagus characterized by the loss of inhibitory neurons in the distal esophagus. Although idiopathic in nature, autoimmune mechanisms have been proposed, and we set out to determine the presence of myenteric neuronal antibodies. We prospectively studied 18 patients with well-characterized achalasia (by clinical,(More)
OBJECTIVE Refractory constipation is a common GI complaint seen by physicians in all practice settings. We have previously shown that p.d. colchicine (0.6 mg t.i.d.) increases the number of spontaneous bowel movements, hastens GI transit, and improves GI symptoms in patients with chronic constipation during an 8-wk, open-label therapeutic trial. The aim of(More)