Ervin Wolf

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A long-standing hypotheses is that locomotion is turned on by descending excitatory synaptic drive. In young frog tadpoles, we show that prolonged swimming in response to a brief stimulus can be generated by a small region of caudal hindbrain and rostral spinal cord. Whole-cell patch recordings in this region identify hindbrain neurons that excite spinal(More)
The ability of brief stimuli to trigger prolonged neuronal activity is a fundamental requirement in nervous systems, common to motor responses and short-term memory. Bistable membrane properties and network feedback excitation have both been proposed as suitable mechanisms to sustain such persistent responses. There is now good experimental evidence for(More)
The main goal of this work was to develop and test the accuracy of our 3DARBOR neuronal tree reconstruction system by comparing it with a very precise but time-consuming method of reconstruction (NEUTRACE). Comparison was performed by reconstructing 18 dendritic trees of frog spinal motoneurons from serial sections with both methods and comparing several(More)
When frog tadpoles hatch their swimming requires co-ordinated contractions of trunk muscles, driven by motoneurons and controlled by a Central Pattern Generator (CPG). To study this co-ordination we used a 3.5 mm long population model of the young tadpole CPG with continuous distributions of neurons and axon lengths as estimated anatomically. We found that:(More)
Following postganglionic lesion of the eighth cranial nerve, the changes in the expression of hyaluronan (HA), one of the extracellular matrix macromolecules, were examined in the medial (MVN) and lateral (LVN) vestibular nuclei and in the entry or transitional zone (TZ) of the nerve in the frog. HA was detected in different survival times by using a(More)
One century after its first description, pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is still poorly understood. Amyloid-related dendritic atrophy and membrane alterations of susceptible brain neurons in AD, and in animal models of AD are widely recognized. However, little effort has been made to study the potential effects of combined morphological and membrane(More)
The location specific motor pattern generation properties of the spinal cord along its rostro-caudal axis have been demonstrated. However, it is still unclear that these differences are due to the different spinal interneuronal networks underlying locomotions or there are also segmental differences in motoneurons innervating different limbs. Frogs use their(More)
Abe, K. et al. (10 Coauthors): Novel lymphocyte-independent mechanisms to initiate inflammatory arthritis via bone marrow-derived cells of Ali18 mutant mice. Determination of single photon ionization cross sections for quantitative analysis of complex organic mixtures. expansion of Epstein-Barr virus-specific CD4+ T cells by using virus-like particles.(More)
The main goal of this paper is twofold. First, to classify some of the quantitative morphological descriptors within a common theoretical framework and to illustrate their use in the neurobiological research. The second aim is to describe how the computer modelling of dendritic impulse propagation could be related to those high-fidelity morphological(More)
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