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We have investigated the effect of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Administration of a single dose of cisplatin resulted in the elevation of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine in serum, as well as nitric oxide in kidney tissue of rats. Cisplatin also caused reduction of catalase (P < 0.0001), superoxide(More)
Widespread use of mobile phones which are a major source of electromagnetic fields might affect living organisms. However, there has been no investigation concerning prenatal exposure to electromagnetic fields or their roles in the development of the pyramidal cells of the cornu ammonis in postnatal life. Two groups of pregnant rats, a control group and an(More)
The effect of oral erdosteine on tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) levels, and catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities are investigated in the cisplatin model of acute renal failure in rats. A single dose of cisplatin caused kidney damage manifested by kidney histology as well as increases(More)
Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) inhibit the formation and differentiation of neural stem cells during embryonic development. In this study, the effects of prenatal exposure to EMF on the number of granule cells in the dentate gyrus of 4-week-old rats were investigated. This experiment used a control (Cont) group and an EMF exposed (EMF) group (three pregnant(More)
The effects of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) emitted by mobile phones on humans hold special interest due to their use in close proximity to the brain. The current study investigated the number of pyramidal cells in the cornu ammonis (CA) of the 16-week-old female rat hippocampus following postnatal exposure to a 900 megahertz (MHz) EMF. In this study were(More)
The biological effects of electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure from mobile phones have growing concern among scientists since there are some reports showing increased risk for human health, especially in the use of mobile phones for a long duration. In the presented study, the effects on the number of Purkinje cells in the cerebellum of 16-week (16 weeks)(More)
Diclofenac sodium (DS) is commonly used as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Although several adverse effects are clearly established, it is still unknown whether prenatal exposure to DS has an effect on the development of the cerebellum. In this study, we investigated the total number of Purkinje cells of the cerebellum in a control group and in a(More)
OBJECTIVE The exact volume of the vertebral body is necessary for the evaluation, treatment and surgical application of related vertebral body. Thereby, the volume changes of the vertebral body are monitored, such as infectious diseases of vertebra and traumatic or non-traumatic fractures and deformities of the spine. Several studies have been conducted for(More)
Melatonin has some effects upon morphological features of various structures in small animals and human being. However, there has been no investigation concerning its physiological role on development of cerebellar granule cells. In this study, the changes induced by pinealectomy procedure on cerebellar development and their granule cell numbers in the(More)
Melatonin is a widely distributed and important signal molecule that occurs in unicellular organisms, plants, and fungi in addition to animals and humans. It is the main hormone of the pineal gland and its synthesis occurs mainly in this gland. It has free radical scavenging and antioxidative properties and shows clinical antibacterial and analgesic(More)