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STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of alfentanil, remifentanil, and saline in minimizing the propofol injection pain. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS 175 ASA physical status I and II, adult female patients undergoing minor gynecological procedures with general anesthesia. INTERVENTIONS Unpremedicated(More)
PURPOSE Topical anesthesia is increasingly being used for cataract surgery. However, it is believed that topical anesthesia causes an increased risk of intraoperative complications from unrestricted eye movement and insufficient pain control and more need for sedation. It is difficult to compare pain and anxiety experienced by individual patients;(More)
BACKGROUND Retrobulbar injection can be associated with significant pain, due to both needle insertion and deposition of the local anaesthetic solution. The local anaesthetic cream EMLA (eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics) which contains a mixture of lignocaine and prilocaine has been shown to reduce the pain associated with skin puncture. The efficacy(More)
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