Ernst Wintner

Learn More
BACKGROUND The increasing interest in combinatorial chemistry as a tool for the development of therapeutics has led to many new methods of creating molecular libraries of potential lead compounds. Current methods have made it possible to develop libraries of several million compounds. As a result, the limiting factor in the screening of libraries has become(More)
A model of molecular diversity is presented. The model, termed "Quantized Surface Complementarity Diversity" (QSCD), defines molecular diversity by measuring molecular complementarity to a fully enumerated set of theoretical target surfaces. Molecular diversity space is defined as the molecular complement to this set of enumerated surfaces. Using a set of(More)
Sequences of picosecond pulses of 1.06-microm Nd:YAG laser radiation with a total energy of approximately 2 mJ are transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber with a core diameter of approximately 14 microm and are focused onto a tooth's surface in vitro to ablate dental tissue. The hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber is shown to support the(More)
The growing interest in combinatorial chemistry has led us to explore new analytical methods for the analysis of complex molecular libraries. Because an investigation of large mixtures with 10(4)-10(5) different chemical entities was not realistic, an alternative approach was pursued that included the analysis of small representative sublibraries using(More)
By means of capillary electrophoresis coupled online to electrospray ionization MS, a library of theoretically 171 disubstituted xanthene derivatives was analyzed. The method allowed the purity and makeup of the library to be determined: 160 of the expected compounds were found to be present, and 12 side-products were also detected in the mixture. Due to(More)
The relatively new field of combinatorial chemistry has enabled researchers to create large mixtures of compounds that can be screened for leads in developing potential drug candidates. The new synthetic method has also created a need for better procedures to analyze the complex mixtures that are generated. The immediate goal in most cases is to verify the(More)
A highly efficient and general solid-phase synthesis of bicyclic pyrimidine derivatives that target purine dependent proteins is reported. The synthesis of the key intermediate, 4,6-disubstituted-5-amino-pyrimidine, involved reduction of the corresponding nitro derivatives using 1,1'-dioctyl-viologen in a triphasic milieu. The mild reduction conditions(More)
Kerr-lens mode-locked Kr-laser-pumped Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers containing only two newly developed low-loss chirped mirrors instead of conventional dielectric resonator mirrors and generating pulses of widths as small as 14-fs with as much as 100 mW of average output power are reported. We report what is to our knowledge the first experimental(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Low-level light therapy (LLLT) has been revealed as a potential means to improve wound healing. So far, most studies are being performed with irradiation in the red to near-infrared spectra. Recently, we showed that blue light (470 nm) can significantly influence biological systems such as nitric oxide (NO) metabolism and is able to(More)
Laser ignition has been discussed widely as a potentially superior ignition source for technical appliances such as internal combustion engines. Ignition strongly affects overall combustion, and its early stages in particular have strong implications on subsequent pollutant formation, flame quenching, and extinction. Our research here is devoted to the(More)