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Testes of either newborn rats or newly hatched chickens, dissociated into single cell suspensions, reorganize in vitro into their histotypic structures. In birds, the heterogametic female sex is H-Y antigen positive, and not the male as in mammals. Cocultivation of rat and chicken testicular cells results in the reorganization of an ovotestis. A similar(More)
Melampyrum pratense L. (Koch) is used in traditional Austrian medicine for the treatment of different inflammation-related conditions. In this work, we show that the extracts of M. pratense stimulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors- (PPARs-) α and - γ that are well recognized for their anti-inflammatory activities. Furthermore, the extract(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The root bark of Lycium chinense Miller, Lycii radicis cortex, has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat different inflammation-related symptoms, such as diabetes mellitus. The pro-inflammatory transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is a key regulator of inflammation, while the transcription(More)
Sphingolipid metabolites regulate cellular processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. In this study, glucocerebrosides (GluCer) from rhizomes of Arisaema amurense and Pinellia ternata were fully characterized using 1- and 2-dimensional nuclear magnetic spin resonance (NMR) and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and tandem(More)
Dispersed cells of the gonads of newborn rats reaggregate histotypically in rotation culture. Ovarian cells form follicles, while testicular cells organize tubuli. When testis cell supernatant is added to ovarian cells, they form tubulus-like structures. This effect is impeded by simultaneous addition of monoclonal anti-H-Y antibody. It is concluded that(More)
Male and female gonadal cells of newborn rats were cocultured in varying proportions. As low a proportion as 20% of male cells essentially yielded tubular structures. At lower quotas of testicular cells, however, only follicular structures occurred. Mixed structures were not observed except one experiment (20% male cells). When ovarian cells were(More)
Cardiotonic steroids have long been in clinical use for treatment of heart failure and are now emerging as promising agents in various diseases, especially cancer. Their main target is Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, a membrane protein involved in cellular ion homeostasis. Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase has been implicated in cancer biology by affecting several cellular events and(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides are efficient tools for the inhibition of gene expression in a sequence specific way. Natural oligonucleotides are decomposed rapidly in biological systems, which strongly restrict their application. In contrast, artificial oligonucleotides are designed to be more stable against degradation than the target mRNA, which results in a(More)