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This study investigated current comorbid Axis I diagnoses associated with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) in adolescents. The sample included 101 female adolescents treated at a psychiatric unit for primary DSM-IV diagnoses of AN. 73.3% of the AN patients were diagnosed as having a current comorbidity of at least one comorbid Axis I diagnosis, with no differences(More)
BACKGROUND Most studies on the relationship between childhood trauma and anorexia nervosa (AN) have focused on the role of childhood sexual and physical trauma in adult patients. Little is known about the role of emotional trauma and eating disorders. The aim of the present study was to examine childhood sexual, physical, and emotional traumatization in(More)
This study investigates current psychopathology and psychological distress in elite rhythmic gymnasts. Due to a strong emphasis on leanness in aesthetic sports and the controversial findings in literature regarding the role of anorexia nervosa (AN) in such sports, we compared elite rhythmic gymnasts (n=51) to inpatients with AN (n=55) as a disease control(More)
INTRODUCTION Cognitive flexibility and the flexible learning and relearning of stimulus-reward-associations are important for decision-making and goal-directed behavior. Studies on patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) have shown difficulties in cognitive functions associated with malnutrition and extreme underweight. However, to date we find a lack of(More)
BACKGROUND In-patient treatment (IP) is the treatment setting of choice for moderately-to-severely ill adolescents with anorexia nervosa, but it is costly, and the risks of relapse and readmissions are high. Day patient treatment (DP) is less expensive and might avoid problems of relapse and readmission by easing the transition from hospital to home. We(More)
BACKGROUND The prohormone preproenkephalin (ppE) and its derived peptides are involved in leukocyte functioning as well as in the regulation of hunger and satiety. Various abnormalities of the immune and endocrine systems have been described in states of malnutrition such as anorexia nervosa (AN). We hypothesized that ppE expression in AN patients may vary(More)
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that may be accompanied by cardiac symptoms of varying severity. So far disturbances like arrhythmias, mitral valve prolapse and loss of cardial ventricle mass have been described. Other somatic complications consist of electrolyte and acid-base imbalances, which in turn influence cardiac function. Between 1990 and(More)
Screening for congenital hypothyroidism for all newborns of the former western parts of the city of Berlin was instituted in 1978 by determination of the TSH levels in dried filter paper blood spots of the 3rd to 5th day of life. Since 1991 the newborns of the former eastern parts have been also included in the same screening program. From 1978 to 1995 a(More)
Since 2007, more than 600 patients have been diagnosed with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis, with almost 40 % of those affected being children or adolescents. In early phases of the illness, this life-threatening disease is characterized by psychiatric symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, obsessions, hallucinations or delusions.(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined parent/youth self-report agreement on emotional and behavioral symptoms among adolescents with eating disorders (ED). SAMPLING AND METHODS Eighty-three parent-adolescent pairs participated. All adolescents (age 11-18 years) were females and met diagnostic criteria according to the DSM-IV for anorexia nervosa restricting type(More)