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Clinical evidence suggests that cellular immunity is involved in controlling human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) replication. An animal model of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus monkey, was used to show that virus replication is not controlled in monkeys depleted of CD8+ lymphocytes(More)
Prognosis for patients suffering from malignant glioma has not substantially improved. Specific immunotherapy as a novel treatment concept critically depends on target antigens, which are highly overexpressed in the majority of gliomas, but the number of such antigens is still very limited. SOX2 was identified by screening an expression database for(More)
The development of T-cell-based immunotherapies of cancer largely depends on the availability of tumour-associated antigens capable of eliciting tumour-directed cytotoxic T-cell responses. In prostate cancer, the number of antigens defined as suitable targets of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) is still limited. Recently, prostein was identified as a(More)
The expression of the CD4 antigen in normal human brain was investigated in parallel by immunohistochemical and Northern blot analyses. With anti-CD4 antibodies detecting different epitopes of the molecule, CD4+ neurons were defined in the cerebellum, thalamus, and pons. CD4+ glial cells were identified in the thalamus and pons. CD4-specific mRNA was(More)
We treated a patient with severe myasthenia gravis with a chimeric (murine/human) anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody (cM-T412) for 7 days and followed the therapeutic effect by standardized muscle function tests, single-fiber electromyography, and immunologic examinations of disease-specific B- and T-cell functions. Clinical and electrophysiologic improvement(More)
Fibrosis of lung tissue is a frequent and serious consequence of radiotherapy of mammary carcinoma. The pathogenesis of radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis remains unclear. Cytokines such as transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) have been reported to stimulate collagen synthesis in fibroblasts in vitro. The aim of this study(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we identified a major myeloid-derived proinflammatory subpopulation of human blood dendritic cells which we termed slanDCs (e.g. Schäkel et al. (2006) Immunity 24, 767-777). The slan epitope is an O-linked sugar modification (6-sulfo LacNAc, slan) of P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1). As slanDCs can induce neoantigen-specific(More)
It has been proposed that antibodies can mimic the binding of a receptor to its ligand and that anti-idiotype antibodies raised against such antibodies can be used to identify the receptor. A large number of antibodies have been raised against CD4, the receptor on T cells for the envelope glycoprotein gp120 of the human immunodeficiency virus, and the site(More)
The existence of helper cells among the CD8+ T cell subset has been recognized for a long time. However, the phenotype of these cells has remained elusive. In this study, we provide evidence that the expression of the CDw60 antigen on human CD8+ T cell allows one to distinguish between CD8+ T helper cells and CD8+ T cells with cytotoxic and suppressor(More)