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Clinical evidence suggests that cellular immunity is involved in controlling human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) replication. An animal model of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus monkey, was used to show that virus replication is not controlled in monkeys depleted of CD8+ lymphocytes(More)
Prognosis for patients suffering from malignant glioma has not substantially improved. Specific immunotherapy as a novel treatment concept critically depends on target antigens, which are highly overexpressed in the majority of gliomas, but the number of such antigens is still very limited. SOX2 was identified by screening an expression database for(More)
The development of T-cell-based immunotherapies of cancer largely depends on the availability of tumour-associated antigens capable of eliciting tumour-directed cytotoxic T-cell responses. In prostate cancer, the number of antigens defined as suitable targets of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) is still limited. Recently, prostein was identified as a(More)
We treated a patient with severe myasthenia gravis with a chimeric (murine/human) anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody (cM-T412) for 7 days and followed the therapeutic effect by standardized muscle function tests, single-fiber electromyography, and immunologic examinations of disease-specific B- and T-cell functions. Clinical and electrophysiologic improvement(More)
The expression of the CD4 antigen in normal human brain was investigated in parallel by immunohistochemical and Northern blot analyses. With anti-CD4 antibodies detecting different epitopes of the molecule, CD4+ neurons were defined in the cerebellum, thalamus, and pons. CD4+ glial cells were identified in the thalamus and pons. CD4-specific mRNA was(More)
By screening a transcriptome database for expressed sequence tags that are specifically expressed in mammary gland and breast carcinoma, we identified a new human cytochrome P450 (CYP), termed CYP4Z1. The cDNA was cloned from the breast carcinoma line SK-BR-3 and codes for a protein of 505 amino acids. Moreover, a transcribed pseudogene CYP4Z2P that codes(More)
Fibrosis of lung tissue is a frequent and serious consequence of radiotherapy of mammary carcinoma. The pathogenesis of radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis remains unclear. Cytokines such as transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) have been reported to stimulate collagen synthesis in fibroblasts in vitro. The aim of this study(More)
The identification of tumor-associated antigens recognized by CD8+ cytotoxic T cells paved the way to new concepts in adjuvant anticancer therapy. However, the number of tumor-associated proteins found to be expressed in the majority of human cancers is still rather limited. Recently, the newly identified apoptosis inhibitor protein survivin has been(More)
Antibody reactivity against survivin, a recently identified tumor-associated protein, was determined in sera from patients with lung (n = 51) or colorectal cancer (n = 49). The same collection of sera was tested for the presence of antibodies against p53. Eleven sera from lung cancer patients and four sera from colorectal cancer patients reacted with(More)